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May 1981

Fatal Pneumonia Caused by Adenovirus Type 35

Am J Dis Child. 1981;135(5):473-475. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1981.02130290069023

The occasional association of adenoviruses with severe and fatal infections has been reported,1-12 and most of the infections were related to adenovirus type 3, 7, or 21. Adenovirus type 35 is a recently recognized serotype that was recovered from a patient who had a renal transplant and who died of disseminated adenovirus infection.13 Recently, we observed a severe adenovirus type 35 infection in a 2-year-old child. As far as we can determine, ours is the first report of a fatal infection caused by adenovirus type 35 in a child.

Report of a Case.—A 2-year-old girl was brought to the emergency room of Charity Hospital of New Orleans with a grand mal seizure and a rectal temperature of 39.9 °C. She had been hospitalized five times previously for recurrent pneumonia and had been discharged from the hospital one week before the present admission. Since that time, she had