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September 1981

Hyperalimentation-Induced Cholestasis: Increased Incidence and Severity in Premature Infants

Am J Dis Child. 1981;135(9):842-845. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1981.02130330052017

• Two hundred sixty-seven neonates who received parenteral nutrition were monitored for signs of liver dysfunction. Cholestatic jaundice occurred in 23 infants, with a higher incidence in the more immature infants. There was an inverse correlation between severity of jaundice and the degree of prematurity. Infants with cholestasis remained without gastrointestinal feedings and received parenteral nutrition for periods of time significantly higher than infants without cholestasis. The incidence of this complication did not seem to correlate with the amount of protein infusate (amino acid solution). A higher incidence of sepsis was noted in infants who were affected by cholestasis. Close monitoring for signs of liver dysfunction in all neonates receiving parenteral nutrition is strongly recommended.

(Am J Dis Child 1981;135:842-845)