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October 1981

Diagnostic Ultrasound: Current Pediatric Applications

Am J Dis Child. 1981;135(10):954-964. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1981.02130340058019

Pediatric diagnostic ultrasonography has arrived. Technical refinements during the past decade have greatly improved the quality of ultrasonic images, and mushrooming availability of ultrasound units has provided most pediatricians with an awareness of the diagnostic potential of this method.

A profusion of publications reflects the current intense interest in diagnostic ultrasound. These include review articles on general and pediatric uses of ultrasound1-5 and several textbooks and atlases specifically pediatric in scope.6-9

What purpose can another review article serve at this time? With an array of diagnostic imaging options that includes roentgenography with and without contrast media, ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT), and nuclear scintigraphy, the radiologist can assist and advise the pediatrician in choosing the most appropriate examinations. Our aims in this review are as follows: (1) to summarize briefly the ultrasonic terminology; (2) to emphasize diagnostic applications of ultrasonography in children; (3) to provide a pertinent and current