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March 1982

Multiple Hepatic Hemangiomas: Failure of Corticosteroid Therapy and Successful Hepatic Artery Ligation

Author Affiliations

University of Texas Health Science Center Southwestern Medical School and Children's Medical Center Dallas

Am J Dis Child. 1982;136(3):275-276. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1982.03970390089025

Multinodular hemangiomatosis of the liver generally occurs in the first six months of life, with the triad of hepatomegaly, high-output congestive heart failure, and cutaneous hemangiomas.1 Early reviews described a poor prognosis with death, generally due to intractable congestive heart failure, occurring within the first year.1,2 More recent reports suggest that a favorable outcome usually results from vigorous supportive care and high-dose corticosteroid therapy.2-4 We have recently encountered two patients, however, who received long-term high-dose corticosteroid therapy without apparent response. In one instance, spontaneous involution and hemodynamic improvement was noted; in the other, hepatic artery ligation was performed successfully. Both patients are alive and well more than two years after diagnosis.

Report of Cases.—Case 1.—This infant was well until 3 months of age when poor feeding, respiratory distress, and two episodes of dusky skin color with feedings were noted. Physical examination disclosed an acutely ill