• We evaluated neurodevelopmental and growth outcomes of low-birth-weight infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Twenty-six cases of BPD (group A) were diagnosed from 244 neonatal survivors with a low birth weight (≤ 1,500 g) born in 1975, 1976, and 1977. During the same period, BPD did not develop in eight infants with a comparable neonatal course (group B) (received oxygen therapy ≥ 21 days). Twenty-five infants who received O2 therapy five or fewer days had a mild clinical course and were considered controls (group C). The BPD infants suffered more asphyxia, respiratory distress syndrome, acidosis, and longer parenteral alimentation and hospitalization than group C infants. Compared with groups B and C, the BPD infants had more respiratory morbidities at 4 and 12 months (P <.005) and more severe neurodevelopmental sequelae at 2 years.
(Am J Dis Child 1982;136:443-447)
Vohr BR, Bell EF, Oh W. Infants With Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia: Growth Pattern and Neurologic and Developmental Outcome. Am J Dis Child. 1982;136(5):443–447. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/archpedi.1982.03970410061015
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