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June 1982

Valproic Acid in the Treatment of Intractable Absence Seizures in Children: A Single-blind Clinical and Quantitative EEG Study

Author Affiliations

From the Section of Child Neurology, Departments of Neurology and Pediatrics (Drs Erenberg, Rothner, and Cruse), and the Section of Electroencephalography, Department of Neurology (Dr Henry), Cleveland Clinic Foundation.

Am J Dis Child. 1982;136(6):526-529. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1982.03970420050011

• A 12-week single-blind study used valproic acid in the treatment of refractory, simple and complex absence (petit mal) seizures in 17 children. The clinical seizure control was compared with the number and duration of electrical discharges on six-hour EEG recordings before and during therapy. Sixteen patients showed clinical improvement. Fourteen had greater than 75% clinical improvement and ten patients became free of absence seizures. Side effects were mild, but two patients experienced transient, asymptomatic thrombocytopenia. Good correlation between clinical response and decreasing seizure activity on the EEG occurred in the seizure-free patients.

(Am J Dis Child 1982;136:526-529)