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October 1982

Effect of Hyaline Membrane Disease on Outcome of Premature Infants

Author Affiliations

Division of Neonatology Department of Pediatrics Vanderbilt University School of Medicine Nashville, TN 37232

Am J Dis Child. 1982;136(10):885-886. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1982.03970460015001

The study by Bennett and co-workers (see p 888) addresses the question of developmental outcome in a sample of premature infants with hyaline membrane disease (HMD). Their report joins several recent studies on premature survivors in the last five years.1-3 In this study, these authors followed up 161 preterm infants for two years and had an impressive return rate of 80% to 85%. They found that birth weight consistently correlated with Bayley scores at the age of 2 years. This reaffirms similar conclusions from earlier reports of infants born from 1965 to 1975. Because of a lack of both a detailed description of their data base and a display of the statistical analysis, it is difficult to comment further on their conclusions. For example, only mean birth weight was stated without a range, and there were no data on such perinatal risk factors as Apgar scores, time receiving ventilatory