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February 1983

Acute Otitis Media: One Year in General Pediatric Practice

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston (Dr Howie); and the Research Foundation, Microbiology Research, Children's Hospital National Medical Center, Washington, DC (Dr Schwartz).

Am J Dis Child. 1983;137(2):155-158. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1983.02140280047013

• Diagnosis and treatment of otitis media (OM) occupied approximately one third of a pediatrician's time between October 1978 and October 1979. Of 4,602 office visits for sickness, 18% involved a diagnosis of acute OM, and an additional 14% were for follow-up of OM. Incidence was highest in March and lowest in July-August. The 830 episodes involved 677 children aged 1 week to 17 years: 40% were 24 months old or younger, and 12% were 60 months old or older. Pain and querulousness were absent In 24% of those brought in for mild upper respiratory tract infection, and fever (38.2°C or higher) was absent in 75% of the study group. Of 650 children who returned ten days later for reevaluation, 50% had otoscopic or tympanometric signs of OM with effusion.

(Am J Dis Child 1983;137:155-158)