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March 1983

Continuous Nasogastric Drip Elemental Feeding: Alternative for Prolonged Parenteral Nutrition in Severe Prolonged Diarrhea

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Pediatrics (Drs Weizman and Deckelbaum and Ms Schmueli) and Gastroenterology (Dr Deckelbaum), Hadassah University Hospital, The Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical School, Ein-Karem, Jerusalem.

Am J Dis Child. 1983;137(3):253-255. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1983.02140290039010

• Eighteen infants with severe prolonged diarrhea were fed successfully by continuous drip enteral feedings with an elemental diet. The mean weight gain was 6.4 ± 0.7 g/kg/day, using a solution containing up to 87 kcal/dL at volumes up to 260 mL/kg/day. No cardiovascular or metabolic abnormalities occurred. Advantages of the continuous drip regimen were demonstrated by an adaptation phase with a plateau or even a decline in body weight in 12 patients, with weaning from continuous periodic feedings without changing the total caloric or volume intake. Continuous drip feeding provides an alternative for total parenteral nutrition in patients with severe prolonged diarrhea and Intolerance to even an elemental diet given as periodic feedings.

(Am J Dis Child 1983;137:253-255)