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June 1983

Errors, Types I and II

Am J Dis Child. 1983;137(6):586-591. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1983.02140320062014

• The practicing physician and the clinical investigator regularly confront therapeutic trials, diagnostic tests, and other hypothesis-testing situations. The clinical literature increasingly displays statistical notations and concepts related to decision making in medicine. For these reasons, the physician is obligated to have some familiarity with the principles behind the null hypothesis, Type I and II errors, statistical power, and related elements of hypothesis testing.

(Am J Dis Child 1983;137:586-591)