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May 1989

Unintentional Injuries: Risk Factors in Preschool Children

Author Affiliations

From the Division of Community Health Sciences (Dr Bourguet) and the Department of Family Medicine (Dr McArtor), Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Rootstown, and the Aultman Hospital Family Practice Center, Canton, Ohio (Dr McArtor).

Am J Dis Child. 1989;143(5):556-559. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1989.02150170054021

• Successful strategies for preventing childhood injuries require better understanding of injury epidemiology. A case-control study was designed to identify risk factors for injury among preschool patients of a university-affiliated, community-based family practice center. Thirty-four children who were injured during a 1-year period and 36 age- and sex-matched controls were included. A description of the injury incident and data from each child's medical record and a parent interview were recorded. All injuries were relatively minor. The following were associated with increased injury risk: a history of a chronic medical condition; weight in the lowest 25th percentile of the national distribution; birth order of third or later in the family; maternal education higher than the high school level; and, possibly, a history of previous injury.

(AJDC. 1989;143:556-559)

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