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October 1991

Sun Protection in Newborns: A Comparison of Educational Methods

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Dermatology (Drs Bolognia and Berwick) and Epidemiology and Public Health (Dr Berwick and Ms Simpson), and the Cancer Prevention Research Unit for Connecticut at Yale (Mss Fine and Jasmin), Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn.

Am J Dis Child. 1991;145(10):1125-1129. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1991.02160100057023

• We investigated the effect of education on the sun exposure of newborns. Mothers of healthy newborns (n = 275) were enrolled in the spring of 1989 and interviewed by telephone in the fall of 1989. The mothers were divided into a control group, a low-level intervention group, and a high-level intervention group. Both the low-level and high-level interventions succeeded in reducing the amount of time the newborns were allowed to spend in direct sunlight. Both types of intervention also resulted in reduced sun exposure time for the mothers. Although the number of mothers who used sunscreen was approximately the same in all three groups, when sunscreen use was controlled for, the intervention groups spent significantly less unprotected time in the sun than the control group. The mothers and newborns in both intervention groups simply spent less time outdoors.

(AJDC. 1991;145:1125-1129)

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