Effects of of in utero drug exposure on pregnancy outcome, infant development, and preschool functioning are reviewed. Six possible mechanisms underlying possible negative outcomes seen in children exposed to drugs in utero are considered. Recommendations and opportunities for future research focus on process-oriented assessments, methodological and procedural issues, research design, and interventions.
(Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1994;148:33-39)
Brooks-Gunn J, McCarton C, Hawley T. Effects of In Utero Drug Exposure on Children's Development: Review and Recommendations. Am J Dis Child. 1994;148(1):33–39. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1994.02170010035007
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