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June 1994

Implementation of a Physician Education InterventionThe Childhood Asthma Project

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1994;148(6):595-601. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1994.02170060049008

Objectives:  To increase pediatric residents' knowledge of the Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma (GDMA) developed by the Expert Panel of the National Asthma Education Program and to increase the residents' confidence in their ability to implement these guidelines. Emphasis was placed on the diagnosis and treatment of Hispanic children with asthma, a population at increased risk for morbidity.

Setting:  A continuity care clinic located in an urban ambulatory care facility.

Subjects:  Forty-four pediatric residents: 17 first-year residents, 15 second-year residents,and 12 third-year residents.

Methods:  Residents participated in a multicomponent asthma management curriculum that stressed active learning strategies, including the following: focus groups, computer-based testing, lectures, hands-on skill development seminars, role modeling by attending pediatricians, provision of GDMA pocket cards and posters, access to peak flowmeters and spirometry, and an interactive computer-based module. Content focused on pulmonary function testing with spirometry and peak flowmeters, stepwise use of medications, recognition of asthma symptoms and triggers, and cultural considerations that impact asthma management. Pediatric faculty and fellows also participated in a series of asthma seminars to increase the likelihood that faculty would role model the GDMA and provide appropriate feedback to residents.

Results:  Pediatric residents demonstrated significant increases in knowledge about evaluation of asthma, pulmonary function testing, and clinical management, displayed significantly enhanced levels of confidence, and were enthusiastic about the asthma management curriculum, rating it significantly higher than 15 other content areas in the general pediatric curriculum.(Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1994;148:595-601)