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March 1995

Resurgence of Rabies: A Historical Perspective on Rabies in Children

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Baystate Medical Center Children's Hospital, Springfield, Mass.

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995;149(3):306-312. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1995.02170150086016

Wildlife rabies in certain parts of the United States has been increasing. With greater urbanization, many areas have seen an influx of wild animals such as raccoons and foxes that are known wildlife reservoirs of rabies. Rabies encephalitis has been a fatal illness recognized by humans throughout history. The purpose of this review is to examine the history of rabies throughout the world to elucidate the evolution of popular and scientific knowledge of the disease in animals and humans. By examining this development from a pediatric perspective, we gain insight into the prevention and treatment protocols recommended for children today. Pediatricians need to include education about prevention and treatment of rabies exposures in their anticipatory guidance sessions with families.

(Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995;149:306-312)

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