A small proportion of individuals with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are children. Although transmission from mothers infected with HCV is currently the primary way in which children are infected, receipt of blood or blood products prior to routine HCV testing had been a common method of acquisition. The first HCV testing was introduced into blood banks in 1990 and a more sensitive assay was introduced in 1992. Receipt of blood or blood products prior to 1992 is considered a risk factor for HCV infection that warrants testing. This recommendation has been made by both the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention1 and the American Academy of Pediatrics.2
Jonas MM. Finding Adolescents and Young Adults With Transfusion-Associated Hepatitis C: Looking Forward to Looking Back. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2007;161(2):202–203. doi:10.1001/archpedi.161.2.202
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