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April 2021, Vol 175, No. 4, Pages 339-440

Viewpoint

Intervention Recommendations for Children With Autism in Light of a Changing Evidence Base

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):341-342. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4730

This Viewpoint summarizes the authors’ previous findings that a greater intensity of behavioral interventions in children with autism showed no association with increased benefits.

The Complicated Legacy of Cassandra Callender: Ethics, Decision-making, and the Role of Adolescents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):343-344. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4812

This Viewpoint discusses the role of adolescents in decisions about their health care, particularly potentially life-saving interventions.

COVID-19 Pandemic Health Disparities and Pediatric Health Care—The Promise of Telehealth

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):345-346. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5097

This Viewpoint examines the association between the COVID-19 pandemic and how the changes to telehealth are helping close the gap between clinicians and pediatric physical and mental health care patients.

Allocating Resources Across the Life Span During COVID-19—Integrating Neonates and Children Into Crisis Standards of Care Protocols

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):347-348. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5215

This Viewpoint discusses the need to account for neonates and children—who are typically disproportionally impacted during pandemics—by implementing hospital resource allocation protocols that ensure equity across the life span.

Editorial

Family Media Use Planning With Teens—Is It Time for Shared Decision-making?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):349-350. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5637

Long-term Outcomes of Children After Fetal Surgery for Spina Bifida—Toward Sustainability

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):e205687. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5687
Original Investigation

Effect of a Family Media Use Plan on Media Rule Engagement Among Adolescents: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):351-358. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5629

This randomized clinical trial examines the application and outcomes of a tool for monitoring and planning media or screen use in families with older children and adolescents.

Effect of Enteral Lipid Supplement on Severe Retinopathy of Prematurity: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):359-367. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5653

This randomized clinical trial examines whether enteral supplementation with arachidonic acid and docosahexaenoic acid from birth to 40 weeks’ postmenstrual age reduces retinopathy of prematurity in extremely preterm infants.

Maternal Oxygen Supplementation Compared With Room Air for Intrauterine Resuscitation: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):368-376. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5351

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines randomized clinical trials on the use of oxygen vs room air in women in labor or undergoing cesarean delivery.

Association of Cannabis Use With Self-harm and Mortality Risk Among Youths With Mood Disorders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):377-384. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5494

This cohort study uses Medicaid data to examine associations of cannabis use disorder with self-harm, suicide, and overall mortality risk in youths with mood disorders.

Population vs Individual Prediction of Poor Health From Results of Adverse Childhood Experiences Screening

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):385-393. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5602

This cohort study uses data from 2 birth cohorts to test the predictive accuracy of adverse childhood experience screening for later health problems.

Association Between Proton Pump Inhibitor Use and Risk of Asthma in Children

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):394-403. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5710

This cohort study investigates the association between initiating use of proton pump inhibitors and the risk of asthma in children.

Prenatal Repair and Physical Functioning Among Children With Myelomeningocele: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):e205674. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5674

This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial investigates whether children who had prenatal repair of myelomeningocele have better physical mobility than those with postnatal repair.

Association of Umbilical Cord Management Strategies With Outcomes of Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):e210102. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0102

This systematic review and network meta-analysis compares 4 umbilical cord management strategies for preterm infants: immediate cord clamping, delayed cord clamping, umbilical cord milking, and umbilical cord milking and delayed umbilical cord clamping.

Special Communication

Experimental Designs to Optimize Treatments for Individuals: Personalized N-of-1 Trials

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):404-409. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5801

This Special Communication advocates the use of personalized N-of-1 trials in clinical settings as a means of identifying optimal treatment options for individual patients.

JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

What Parents Need to Know About Teen Vaping and What They Can Do About It

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):440. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.6689

This Patient Page discusses how parents can identify whether teens are vaping, how to help prevent vaping, and what to do if their teen is addicted to vaping.

Research Letter

Using Metrics of Kilograms (or Pounds) Overweight or Kilograms (or Pounds) Obese to Help Interpret and Communicate Magnitudes of Excess Body Mass Index

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):410-412. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5196

This study uses weight data from a cohort of children aged 7 to 11 years to assess a new method of communicating about body mass index, overweight, and obesity with patients and their families.

Obesity and Eating Disorder Disparities Among Sexual and Gender Minority Youth

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):412-415. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5152

This study assesses obesity, binge eating disorder, anorexia nervosa, and bulimia nervosa among sexual and gender minority children.

Trends in Pediatric Hospitalizations for Coronavirus Disease 2019

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):415-417. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5535

This study examines coronavirus disease 2019 hospitalization trends for pediatric patients in 22 states.

Translation of a Host Blood RNA Signature Distinguishing Bacterial From Viral Infection Into a Platform Suitable for Development as a Point-of-Care Test

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):417-419. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5227

This study assesses a 2-gene RNA signature that can be translated into a rapid (<25 minutes) and portable laboratory-on-a-chip platform suitable for development as a point-of-care test.

Solitary Use of Alcohol and Marijuana by US 12th Grade Students, 1976-2019

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):419-421. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5211

This cohort study examines changes in the rates of solitary alcohol and marijuana use among 12th grade students between 1976 and 2019.

A Survey of Camp Leadership to Assess Immunization Requirements, Policies, and Practices in a National Cohort of Summer Camps

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):421-423. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5342

This study surveys a national cohort of summer camp leadership to assess camps’ immunization requirements, policies, and practices.

Comment & Response

Children With Disabilities Must Be More Than an Afterthought in School Reopening

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):423-424. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5308

Ways to Support Low-Income, At-Risk Young Children During and After Coronavirus Disease 2019

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):424-425. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5284

Ways to Support Low-Income, At-Risk Young Children During and After Coronavirus Disease 2019—Reply

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):425. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5287

Maternal Elimination Diet and Symptoms of Cow’s Milk Allergy in Breastfed Infants

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):425-426. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5311

Maternal Elimination Diet and Symptoms of Cow’s Milk Allergy in Breastfed Infants—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):426-427. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5320

Pros and Cons in Using Population-Based Registers for Assessing the Fetal Safety of Drugs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):427. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5314

Pros and Cons in Using Population-Based Registers for Assessing the Fetal Safety of Drugs—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):427-428. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5323

Prenatal Opioid Exposure and Motor Cortex Volume

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):428-429. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5317

Prenatal Opioid Exposure and Motor Cortex Volume—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):429-430. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5332

Nonintervention Is Not Noninferior to Oral Ibuprofen for Treatment of Patent Ductus Arteriosus

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):430. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5326

Nonintervention Is Not Noninferior to Oral Ibuprofen for Treatment of Patent Ductus Arteriosus—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):430-431. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5329

Why Is Antibiotic Treatment Rarely Performed in COVID-19–Positive Children Admitted in Pediatric Intensive Care Units?

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):431-432. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5348

Why Is Antibiotic Treatment Rarely Performed in COVID-19–Positive Children Admitted in Pediatric Intensive Care Units?—Reply

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):432. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5360

Rapid Implementation of Model-Based Dosing Recommendations During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):432-433. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5395

Rapid Implementation of Model-Based Dosing Recommendations During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic—Reply

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):433. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5398

Efficacy of 3 Major Ketogenic Diet Therapies in Children With Drug-Resistant Epilepsy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):434. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5448

Efficacy of 3 Major Ketogenic Diet Therapies in Children With Drug-Resistant Epilepsy—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):434-435. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5451
Correction

Misspelled Author Name in the Byline

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JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):435. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0031
JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(4):339. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4159
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