In a 3-year observational study, Danielsson et alArticle found that long-term behavioral treatment of obesity was successful for severely obese children but had almost no effect on severely obese adolescents.
Bocca et alArticle showed that a multidisciplinary intervention program for overweight and obese children aged 3 to 5 years led to greater decreases in body mass index and waist circumference than a usual-care program.
In a follow-up of children with urinary tract infection by Hannula et alArticle, unilateral kidney growth retardation was found in 3% of patients and renal parenchymal defects in 15%, but nearly exclusively among those with grade III to V reflux.
Sagiv et alArticle found that low-level prenatal mercury exposure was associated with a greater risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder–related behaviors in children at age 8 years, while fish consumption during pregnancy was protective of these behaviors.
Shakya et alArticle found that if an adolescent had friends whose parents used authoritative parenting, that adolescent was less likely to abuse alcohol, smoke, use marijuana, and binge drink.
In a large study assessing the safety of the quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine administered to 189 629 females, Klein et alArticle found that it was safe and only associated with same-day syncope and skin infections.
Using longitudinal data, Turner et alArticle found that suicidal ideation was significantly more common among adolescents who had experienced any form of victimization including sexual assault and peer victimization. Those with multiple types of victimization were almost 6 times more likely to report suicidal ideation.
Keren et alArticle used information about prevalence, cost, and variation in resource use to prioritize comparative effectiveness research topics in hospital pediatrics—those that are high cost, are high prevalence, and demonstrate high variation in resource use.
Spicuzza et alArticle discovered that sleep-disordered breathing may occur in an early stage of life in children with cystic fibrosis and mild lung disease in stable clinical condition.
Horowitz et alArticle found that a 4-question screening instrument, the Ask Suicide-Screening Questions, had high sensitivity and negative predictive value in identifying the risk for suicide in patients aged 10 to 21 years presenting to pediatric emergency departments.
This Month in Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012;166(12):1091. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.564