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Appendicitis is defined as inflammation of the appendix, which is a small section of the intestine that sticks out where the small and large intestines come together (similar to a dead-end side street in the intestines).
Appendicitis happens when the appendix gets blocked with a particle in the stool and then becomes inflamed. The blockage can cause bacteria to overgrow in the appendix, leading to infection and inflammation. Appendicitis is a common condition in childhood and typically occurs after age 10 years, although it can occur at any age. Appendicitis is the most common disease leading to surgery in children.
Moreno MA. New Approaches for Appendicitis in Children. JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(11):1132. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.2935
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