Association of Future Orientation With Violence Perpetration Among Male Youths in Low-Resource Neighborhoods | Adolescent Medicine | JAMA Pediatrics | JAMA Network
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Research Letter
September 2018

Association of Future Orientation With Violence Perpetration Among Male Youths in Low-Resource Neighborhoods

Author Affiliations
  • 1Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 2Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 3Department of Behavioral and Community Health Sciences, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 4School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(9):877-879. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1158

Youth violence is pervasive and increases risk of injury and incarceration.1 Future orientation, defined as hopes and plans for the future, is associated with multiple prosocial outcomes, including school engagement and successful transition to adulthood.2 Research on the potentially protective role of future orientation in preventing violence perpetration is limited, and it has tended to focus narrowly on perceived life expectancy and, to a lesser extent, job aspirations.3,4 With use of a more comprehensive measure, we examined the association between future orientation and violence perpetration, including fighting and weapon-related violence, among male youths in low-resource neighborhoods.

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