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Lowry and colleagues conducted a cross-sectional study of more than 6000 high school students based on data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Surveys to examine the associations of gender nonconformity with mental distress and substance use. They found that gender nonconformity was associated with significant mental distress among male and female students.
Hadland and colleagues conducted a cohort study of more than 4800 youths with opioid use disorder and found that the timely receipt of buprenorphine, naltrexone, or methadone was associated with greater retention in care.
Merrick and colleagues conducted a cross-sectional analysis of more than 210 000 adults using the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. This is the largest and most diverse description of adverse childhood experiences to date.
Wood and colleagues conducted a randomized clinical trial of more than 400 infants and found that the monovalent acellular pertussis vaccine is immunogenic and safe in neonates and if licensed and available, would be valuable for newborns whose mothers did not receive the tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis vaccine during pregnancy.
Foster and colleagues conducted a 5-year quasi-experimental longitudinal study in more than 300 women and found that access to abortion services enables women to choose to have children at a time when they have more financial and emotional resources to devote to their children.
Continuing Medical Education
Highlights. JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(11):997. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3381