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Shet and colleagues conducted a pragmatic cluster randomized effectiveness trial of children aged 12 to 59 months from 55 villages from the rural Chamrajnagar district in southern India. They found that parental education and counseling by a community health worker achieved perceivable gains in curing childhood anemia. Policy makers should consider this approach to enhance population-level anemia control.
Barker and colleagues conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis and found that the pooled prevalence of anxiety in 19 studies was 19.1%, with significant differences in prevalence according to the type of assessment tool used; in a meta-analysis of 36 studies, the depression prevalence was 14.3% and was associated with increasing age. No studies included information on the incidence of anxiety or depression.
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Hamad and colleagues conducted a quasi-experimental study of 2 897 537 infants and found that the revised Women, Infants, and Children food package of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program was associated with reduced maternal preeclampsia and gestational weight gain, as well as improvements in infant gestational age and birth weight.
Boers and colleagues conducted a cohort study of 3826 adolescents and found a within-person association, based on repeated measures, of social media and television use with symptoms of depression in adolescence.
Highlights. JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(9):807. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.3519
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