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Article
October 6, 2008

Medical Error Disclosure Among Pediatricians: Choosing Carefully What We Might Say to Parents

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Departments of Pediatrics (Drs Loren, Klein, and Brownstein) and General Internal Medicine (Dr Gallagher), University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle; and Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri (Drs Garbutt, Fraser, and Dunagan and Ms Krauss).

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008;162(10):922-927. doi:10.1001/archpedi.162.10.922
Abstract

Objective  To determine whether and how pediatricians would disclose serious medical errors to parents.

Design  Cross-sectional survey.

Setting  St Louis, Missouri, and Seattle, Washington.

Participants  University-affiliated hospital and community pediatricians and pediatric residents.

Main Exposure  Anonymous 11-item survey administered between July 1, 2003, and March 31, 2004, containing 1 of 2 scenarios (less or more apparent to the child's parent) in which the respondent had caused a serious medical error.

Main Outcome Measures  Physician's intention to disclose the error to a parent and what information the physician would disclose to the parent about the error.

Results  The response rate was 56% (205/369). Overall, 53% of all respondents (109) reported that they would definitely disclose the error, and 58% (108) would offer full details about how the error occurred. Twenty-six percent of all respondents (53) would offer an explicit apology, and 50% (103) would discuss detailed plans for preventing future recurrences of the error. Twice as many pediatricians who received the apparent error scenario would disclose the error to a parent (73% [75] vs 33% [34]; P < .001), and significantly more would offer an explicit apology (33% [34] vs 20% [20]; P = .04) compared with the less apparent error scenario.

Conclusions  This study found marked variation in how pediatricians would disclose a serious medical error and revealed that they may be more willing to do so when the error is more apparent to the family. Further research on the impact of professional guidelines and innovative educational interventions is warranted to help improve the quality of error disclosure communication in pediatric settings.

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