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Article
ONLINE FIRST
February 7, 2011

Cultural and Gender Convergence in Adolescent Drunkenness: Evidence From 23 European and North American Countries

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Addiction Info Switzerland, Research Institute (Dr E. Kuntsche and Ms S. Kuntsche) and Research Group on Adolescent Health, Institute for Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Lausanne (Dr E. Kuntsche), Lausanne, Switzerland; Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen (Dr E. Kuntsche) and Department of Health Promotion, University of Maastricht, Maastricht (Dr Knibbe), the Netherlands; Prevention Research Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland (Drs Simons-Morton and Farhat); Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium (Dr Hublet); National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark (Ms Bendtsen); Unité Mixte de Recherche, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médical Unit 558/University Paul Sabatier and Service Médical du Rectorat, Toulouse, France (Dr Godeau); and Institutional Group on Addiction Research, Eötvös Loránd University and National Institute for Drug Prevention, Budapest, Hungary (Dr Demetrovics).

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011;165(2):152-158. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2010.191

Alcohol consumption is one of the major risk factors for morbidity and mortality worldwide.1 In industrialized countries, drunkenness is more prevalent in adolescence and young adulthood than in any other life period2 and is a major risk factor for mortality and morbidity in this age group.3 More specifically, drunkenness has been associated with various adverse consequences and health problems such as fatal and nonfatal injuries, blackouts, suicide attempts, unintended pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, academic failure, and violence.2,4 A responsive public health policy with respect to adolescent drunkenness requires evidence-based information about the change of this behavior over time.5

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