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This Month in Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
October 2004

This Month in Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004;158(10):945. doi:10.1001/archpedi.158.10.945

High-risk behaviors have been well recognized as an important threat to the health of many adolescents, but efforts to alter these behaviors have usually been unsuccessful. This randomized trial of 817 youth and their parents in 35 low-income urban communities tested whether an educational intervention aimed at parental monitoring would have an added benefit to an adolescent risk reduction program. Two years after implementation, intervention youth had fewer risk behaviors and more protective behaviors than control youth.

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Treatment of febrile infants with acute illness is one of the more common tasks of pediatricians. This study of 474 infants who came to an emergency department for acute illness found that infants who had received antipyretic medication before the visit had a higher temperature in the emergency department than those who did not receive medication at home. Although the overall group of treated infants did not experience more defervescence than those who were not treated, infants who had received medication within 1 to 5 hours prior to arrival had lower temperatures in the emergency department.