Television and DVD/Video Viewing in Children Younger Than 2 Years | Media and Youth | JAMA Pediatrics | JAMA Network
[Skip to Navigation]
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
May 2007

Television and DVD/Video Viewing in Children Younger Than 2 Years

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Child Health Institute (Drs Zimmerman and Christakis), and Departments of Health Services (Drs Zimmerman and Christakis) and Pediatrics (Dr Christakis), and the Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences (Dr Meltzoff), University of Washington, and the Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center (Dr Christakis), Seattle, Wash.

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2007;161(5):473-479. doi:10.1001/archpedi.161.5.473

Objective  To determine the television-, DVD-, and video-viewing habits of children younger than 2 years.

Design  A telephone survey of 1009 parents of children aged 2 to 24 months.

Setting  Parents in Minnesota and Washington state were surveyed.

Participants  A random sample of parents of children born in the previous 2 years was drawn from birth certificate records. Households in which English was not spoken were excluded, as were children with major disabilities.

Main Outcome Measure  The amount of regular television and DVD/video viewing by content, reasons for viewing, and frequency of parent-child coviewing.

Results  By 3 months of age, about 40% of children regularly watched television, DVDs, or videos. By 24 months, this proportion rose to 90%. The median age at which regular media exposure was introduced was 9 months. Among those who watched, the average viewing time per day rose from 1 hour per day for children younger than 12 months to more than 1.5 hours per day by 24 months. Parents watched with their children more than half of the time. Parents gave education, entertainment, and babysitting as major reasons for media exposure in their children younger than 2 years.

Conclusions  Parents should be urged to make educated choices about their children's media exposure. Parental hopes for the educational potential of television can be supported by encouraging those parents who are already allowing screen time to watch with their children.