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This Month in Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine
December 2007

This Month in Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2007;161(12):1121. doi:10.1001/archpedi.161.12.1121

There is increasing concern about the use of over-the-counter medications to treat symptoms of upper respiratory infections (URIs) in young children. This study randomized 130 children aged 2 to 18 years with cough due to URIs to receive either dextromethorphan, buckwheat honey, or placebo before going to sleep. Honey provided the greatest relief in cough symptoms, and both children and their parents in this group slept better compared with the other groups. Buckwheat honey, but not dextromethorphan, was better than no treatment in relieving nocturnal symptoms associated with URIs.

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There have been conflicting reports on the association of hepatitis B vaccination and risk of multiple sclerosis. This study compared 143 patients who had their first episode of multiple sclerosis before age 16 years with 1122 controls. Hepatitis B vaccination any time since birth was not associated with a significant increase in the risk of a first episode of multiple sclerosis nor was the number of doses or the brand of vaccination.