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November 2023 - January 1911




December 2023, Vol 177, No. 12, Pages 1247-1364


Using Child Abuse Specialists to Reduce Unnecessary Child Protective Services Reports and Investigations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1249-1250. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.3676

This Viewpoint informs clinicians of the potential harms of unnecessary reporting of child abuse and highlights the possibility of consulting a child abuse pediatrician prior to reporting in a subset of cases in which the concern for child abuse is low.

Artificial Intelligence and Pediatric Care

Artificial Intelligence in Mental Health Therapy for Children and Adolescents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1251-1252. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4212

This Viewpoint explores common concerns about using artificial intelligence to provide mental health therapy for children and adolescents.

Adolescent Mental Health

AI as a Mental Health Therapist for Adolescents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1253-1254. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4215

This Viewpoint discusses benefits and risks of using conversational artificial intelligence platforms to deliver psychotherapy to adolescents.

Building Bridges With School Boards—An Understudied Seat of Health Equity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1255-1256. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4226

This Viewpoint describes the role of school boards in both education delivery and health outcomes and the importance of clinician involvement in effecting health-promoting policies for all students.

How Antiscience Creates Confusion About the Diagnosis of Abusive Head Trauma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1257-1258. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4516

This Viewpoint exposes the antiscience and misinformation used to generate skepticism about abusive head trauma in young children, putting this vulnerable population at risk.


Time to Treat the Climate and Nature Crisis as One Indivisible Global Health Emergency

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1259-1261. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.5396

Safety and Benefits of COVID-19 Vaccination in Pregnancy—Implications for the Maternal Vaccination Platform

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1261-1263. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4496

Child Abuse Prevention in a Pandemic—A Natural Experiment in Social Welfare Policy

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1263-1265. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4525
Original Investigation

Effect of a Social Care Intervention on Health Care Experiences of Caregivers of Hospitalized Children: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1266-1275. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4596

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the noninferiority of a social care assistance intervention with respect to health care experiences among caregivers of pediatric patients.

Exercise and Insulin Resistance Markers in Children and Adolescents With Excess Weight: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1276-1284. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4038

This systematic review and network meta-analysis compares the effectiveness of exercise training modalities in reducing insulin resistance markers and the dose-response association between exercise dose and these markers in children and adolescents with excess weight.

Maternal and Infant Antibiotic and Acid Suppressant Use and Risk of Eosinophilic Esophagitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1285-1293. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4609

This case-control study investigates the association of maternal and infant use of antibiotics and acid suppressants and the risk of developing eosinophilic esophagitis.

Patterns of Social Determinants of Health and Child Mental Health, Cognition, and Physical Health

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1294-1305. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4218

This cohort study identifies social determinants of health patterns and estimates their associations with US children’s mental health, cognition, and physical health.

Behavior Problems in Low-Income Young Children Screened in Pediatric Primary Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1306-1313. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4229

This cohort study identifies trajectories of behavior problems and variables associated with differential trajectories as assessed during pediatric primary care well-child visits among children 2 to 6 years of age.

Newborn and Early Infant Outcomes Following Maternal COVID-19 Vaccination During Pregnancy

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1314-1323. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4499

This study attempts to determine if maternal mRNA COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy is associated with adverse newborn and early infant outcomes.

Effectiveness of Monovalent mRNA Vaccines Against Omicron XBB Infection in Singaporean Children Younger Than 5 Years

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1324-1331. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4505

This cohort study investigates the effectiveness of monovalent SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccines against Omicron infection in children younger than 5 years.

Bone Mineral Density in Transgender Adolescents Treated With Puberty Suppression and Subsequent Gender-Affirming Hormones

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1332-1341. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4588

This cohort study assesses bone mineral density after long-term use of gender-affirming hormones among transgender adults who used puberty suppression in adolescence.

Hospital Admissions for Abusive Head Trauma Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1342-1347. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4519

This repeated cross-sectional study examines whether the COVID-19 pandemic was associated with the incidence of hospitalizations for head trauma in children younger than 5 years.

JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

What Parents Should Know About Gun Safety in the Home and Vehicle

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1364. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4668

This Patient Page describes safety measures parents can take to protect children from gun violence.

Research Letter

Multisite Oral Amoxicillin Challenges During Pediatric Emergency Department Visits

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1348-1350. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.3659

This cohort study assesses differences in children’s allergy risk level designation and results of a direct oral challenge via a penicillin allergy delabeling process.

Early Childhood Education and Midlife Ideal Cardiovascular Health in a Prospective Urban Cohort

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1350-1352. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4010

This cohort study assesses whether preschool is associated with long-term cardiovascular health as measured by the American Heart Association’s Ideal Cardiovascular Health Index.

Duration of SARS-CoV-2 Culturable Virus Shedding in Children

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1352-1354. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4511

This cohort study evaluates the duration of SARS-CoV-2 infectivity and its association with vaccination status in children after a positive COVID-19 test result.

Antibiotic Use Among Infants Admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1354-1356. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.3664

This cross-sectional study examines antibiotic exposure, days of therapy, types of antibiotics, and changes in use patterns among newborns in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) across the US from 2009 to 2021.

Access to Marijuana by Minors Via Online Dispensaries

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1356-1358. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.3656

This cross-sectional study examines online marijuana dispensaries and their age verification procedures to prevent youth access.

Digital Phenotype Generation and Time to Encounter Closure

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1358-1360. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.3651

This study evaluates whether implementation of a content expert–developed clinical documentation tool can be beneficial to workflow by reducing time from patient arrival to encounter closure among pediatric patients receiving intestinal rehabilitation.

Comment & Response

Nonsuperiority of Standard Therapy Compared to Short-Course Therapy in Symptomatic UTIs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1360-1361. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4056

Nonsuperiority of Standard Therapy Compared to Short-Course Therapy in Symptomatic UTIs—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1361. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4059

Error in Weighted Analyses and Reported Prevalence Rates

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1361-1362. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4479

Errors in Text, Table, and Figure

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1362. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.4558

Error in Affiliations

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1362. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.5135
JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2023;177(12):1247. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2022.3922