In a retrospective observational study, Miglioretti and coauthors quantify trends in the use of computed tomography in pediatrics and the associated radiation exposure and cancer risk. See the Editorial by Schroeder and Redberg.
Wong et al determine the safety and efficacy of dietary flaxseed supplementation in the management of hypercholesterolemia in children.
Chriqui and coauthors examine the association between district and state policy and/or law requirements regarding competitive food and beverages and public elementary school availability of foods and beverages high in fats, sugars, and/or sodium.
Fleming-Milici and coauthors quantify the amount of food and beverage advertising viewed by Hispanic youth on Spanish- and English-language television and compare it with the amount of food and beverage advertising viewed by non-Hispanic youth.
Taveras et al examined the extent to which racial/ethnic disparities in adiposity and overweight are explained by differences in risk factors during pregnancy, infancy, and early childhood.
Njoroge and colleagues examined the associations among child race/ethnicity, parental beliefs/attitudes about television and child development, and television viewing habits of young children. They also assessed the reasons for existing racial/ethnic disparities in children’s media use.
Berge et al examine the associations between parent conversations about healthful eating and weight and adolescent disordered eating behaviors.
Lehman and Fullerton evaluate the demographics and secular trends in mortality from ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke in US children (<20 years) and determine if there has been a decrease in the disparity between white and black children since the publication of the Stroke Prevention Trial in Sickle Cell Anemia in 1998. See related editorial by Jordan and DeBaun.
Ho et al compare the effects of diet-only intervention with those of diet plus exercise or exercise only on weight loss and metabolic risk reduction in overweight children. In a related editorial, Crume and Harrod provide commentary.
Naughton and coauthors define the emotional, behavioral, and developmental features of neglect or emotional abuse in preschoolers.
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