Stockwell and coauthors compare fever rates in children receiving trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine and 13-valent pneumococcal vaccine and those receiving either product without the other.
Roman et al test if participation in the Michigan statewide enhanced prenatal care program, the Maternal Infant Health Program (MIHP), accounting for program timing and dosage, reduced risk for low birth weight and gestational age, particularly among black women.
Indrio et al investigate whether oral supplementation with Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 during the first 3 months of life can reduce the onset of colic, gastroesophageal reflux, and constipation in term newborns and thereby reduce the socioeconomic impact of these conditions.
Terry-McElrath et al examine changes over time in school-based commercialism as well as differences by student body racial/ethnic distribution and socioeconomic status. See the editorial by Harris and Fox.
Gupta and coauthors compare high-frequency oscillatory ventilation with conventional mechanical ventilation in children with acute respiratory failure.
Rhein et al determined the frequency of intermittent hyoxia (IH) in premature infants after discontinuation of routine caffeine treatment and whether extending caffeine treatment to 40 weeks postmenstrual age reduces IH.
O’Kane et al evaluate the frequency and duration of concussions in female youth soccer players and determine if concussions result in stopping play and seeking medical care.
Huang et al examine effects of Child Development Accounts, an innovative social policy to encourage lifelong saving and asset building for long-term development, on parent-reported social-emotional development in early childhood.
Guandalini and Assiri review how celiac disease is triggered by the ingestion of gluten in genetically predisposed individuals. Diagnosis requires an intestinal biopsy, and a strict gluten-free diet must be followed.
Chriqui et al examine the potential influence that the federal rule may have based on peer-reviewed published studies examining the relationship between state laws and/or school district policies and student body mass index and weight outcomes, consumption, and availability of competitive foods and beverages.
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