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June 2019 - January 1911

Decade

Year

Issue

November 2015, Vol 169, No. 11, Pages 983-1076

In This Issue of JAMA Pediatrics

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):983. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.2160
Viewpoint

Family-Centered Care and High-Consequence Pathogens: Thinking Outside the Room

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):985-986. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1753

This Viewpoint proposes cultivating a new role in family centeredness in the setting of high-consequence pathogens by optimizing virtual technology, having health care professionals assume an active role in family centeredness, and thinking creatively.

Responsibility for Patient Care in Graduate Medical Education: Yours, Mine, or Ours?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):987-988. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1825

This Viewpoint discusses the need to cultivate within residents a strong sense of responsibility for patients and provides recommendations to develop it.

American Pediatric Society

Lessons From Drugs to Devices: A Pediatric Perspective

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):989-990. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1932

This Viewpoint discusses the need for development of pediatric medical devices.

Editorial

Pain and Prejudice

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):991-993. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2284

Electronic Cigarettes Are Another Route to Nicotine Addiction for Youth

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):993-994. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1929
Original Investigation

Journal Club

Racial Disparities in Pain Management of Children With Appendicitis in Emergency Departments

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):996-1002. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1915

This cross-sectional study evaluates racial differences in analgesia administration in emergency departments among children with appendicitis.

Early Enhanced Parenteral Nutrition, Hyperglycemia, and Death Among Extremely Low-Birth-Weight Infants

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):1003-1010. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1667

This observational cohort study in a level III neonatal intensive care unit assesses the effects of early enhanced parenteral nutrition and early hyperglycemia on mortality among extremely low-birth-weight infants.

Effects of Multiple Ventilation Courses and Duration of Mechanical Ventilation on Respiratory Outcomes in Extremely Low-Birth-Weight Infants

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):1011-1017. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2401

This cohort study of extremely low-birth-weight infants reports that longer mechanical ventilation accounts for the increased risk of chronic respiratory morbidity associated with mechanical ventilation reinitiation.

Progression to Traditional Cigarette Smoking After Electronic Cigarette Use Among US Adolescents and Young Adults

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):1018-1023. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1742

This national longitudinal cohort study of US adolescents and young adults finds that the use of e-cigarettes is associated with progression to traditional cigarette smoking.

State Gun Law Environment and Youth Gun Carrying in the United States

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):1024-1031. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2116

This observational study determined that more restrictive overall gun control policies are associated with a reduced likelihood of youth gun carrying; these findings are relevant to gun policy debates about the critical importance of strengthening the overall gun law environment to prevent youth gun carrying.

Evaluating the Effects of Metformin Use on Height in Children and Adolescents: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):1032-1039. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2186

Using MEDLINE and EMBASE database search results, this meta-analysis of 10 randomized clinical trials provides a systematic review of the effects of metformin use on height in 562 children and adolescents comprising intervention and control groups.

Epidemiologic Association Between FUT2 Secretor Status and Severe Rotavirus Gastroenteritis in Children in the United States

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):1040-1045. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2002

This multicenter case-control observational study of children with acute gastroenteritis reports that severe rotavirus gastroenteritis was virtually absent among US children who had a genetic polymorphism that inactivates FUT2 expression on the intestinal epithelium.

Implementation of Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment for Adolescents in Pediatric Primary Care: A Cluster Randomized Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):e153145. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3145

This cluster randomized trial of implementation of Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment reports that training pediatricians can improve substance use screening and intervention.

Early Exposure to Dogs and Farm Animals and the Risk of Childhood Asthma

Abstract Full Text
free access online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):e153219. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3219

This nationwide cohort study evaluates the risk of asthma in preschool-aged and school-aged children based on their exposure to dogs and/or farm animals.

Review

Independent Evaluation of Middle School–Based Drug Prevention Curricula: A Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):1046-1052. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1736

This systematic review discusses the outcomes of drug prevention programs used in middle schools as shown by independent evaluations.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Children and Adolescents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):1053-1060. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1982

This review examines the pathogenesis, epidemiologic features, diagnosis, and management of inflammatory bowel disease in children and adolescents.

JAMA Pediatrics Clinical Challenge

Isolated Pustular Nodule on the Thumb

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):1061-1062. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1301

A young girl presents with an erythematous, 1 × 1.5-cm, well-defined eroded pustule with central crusting and an erythematous border. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Treatment Compliance Among Asymptomatic Adolescents With Sexually Transmitted Infections

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):1065-1066. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1627

This study evaluates treatment compliance among asymptomatic adolescents with positive sexually transmitted infection results.

Link Between Increased Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder Syndromes and Oxidative Stress, DNA Methylation, and Imprinting: The Impact of the Environment

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):1066-1067. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2125

This study examines the biochemical link between the process of DNA methylation in gametes and autism.

Potential Utility of a Smart Thermometer to Predict and Avert Epidemics

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):1067-1068. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1162

This descriptive study describes usage and trends in fever and symptoms based on early data about use of a “smart” thermometer nationally.

Screening and Brief Alcohol Counseling of College Students and Persons Not in School

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):1068-1070. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2231

This study compares whether college students or their same-age, noncollege peers are more likely to be asked about their substance use, given advice about related health risks, and encouraged to reduce or stop substance use.

Comment & Response

Breastfeeding and Childhood Leukemia Incidence: Duplicate Data Inadvertently Included in the Meta-analysis and Consideration of Possible Confounders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):1070. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2640

Breastfeeding and Childhood Leukemia Incidence—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):1071-1072. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2643

Breastfeeding and Childhood Leukemia Incidence: Duplicate Data Inadvertently Included in the Meta-analysis and Consideration of Possible Confounders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):1071. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2646
Correction

Duplicate Data Inadvertently Included in the Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):1072. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3522
Poetry in Pediatrics

Teen in the Bathroom

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):1002. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1167
JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

Reading to Preschool Children

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):1076. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3277
JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(11):984. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.2161
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