Follow-up results of a randomized clinical trial show that the differences in cortisol production between at-risk children who received an active parenting intervention and those who did not were maintained 3 months following intervention. The active parenting intervention may have long-lasting effects on a physiological stress system critical for health and adjustment.
This retrospective cohort study suggests that clinicians reconsider the practice of treating otherwise healthy children with acute osteomyelitis with prolonged intravenous antibiotics when an equally effective oral alternative exists.
This 2-wave national longitudinal study finds that baseline water pipe tobacco smoking and the use of snus independently predicted the onset of cigarette smoking and current cigarette smoking at follow-up.
This prospective, randomized, 2 × 2 factorial-design trial finds that the quality of CPR provided by health care professionals is poor. See the Editorial by Cook and Beckman.
This multicenter case-control study reports that if estimated associations are causal, some falls from furniture may be prevented by incorporating advice into child health contacts, personal child health records, and home safety assessments about use of safety gates; not leaving children, changing diapers, or putting children in car/bouncing seats on raised surfaces; allowing children to play or climb on furniture; and teaching children safety rules about climbing on objects.
This population-based, case-control study found that preeclampsia, particularly severe disease, is associated with autism spectrum disorder and developmental delay.
This study shows that increased health care utilization rates among children with concussion in the United States are both directly and indirectly related to concussion legislation.
This observational cohort study reports pregnancy outcomes for women who received a kidney transplant during childhood compared with those who received a kidney transplant during adulthood.
This retrospective cohort study reports that increased regionalization of neonatal intensive care unit care may reduce bronchopulmonary dysplasia among very low-birth-weight infants.
This review discusses the risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment to manage nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in children.
This review discusses the history of electronic cigarettes, user demographics, known health effects, and current legislative efforts to protect minors from exposure.