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August 2019 - January 1911

Decade

Year

Issue

April 2015, Vol 169, No. 4, Pages 297-412

In This Issue of JAMA Pediatrics

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):297. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.2118
Viewpoint

Access to Mental Health Services: Implementing an Integrated Solution

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):299-300. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3558

This Viewpoint discusses access to mental health services for children through primary care.

Establishing Superior Benchmarks of Care in Clinical Practice: A Proposal to Drive Achievable Health Care Value

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):301-302. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3580

This Viewpoint supports establishing superior benchmarks of care in clinical practice. Establishing achievable excellence is an approach that encourages improvement while not demanding unrealistic or potentially adverse outcomes.

Measles, Mandates, and Making Vaccination the Default Option

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):303-304. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0291

This Viewpoint discusses vaccination policy and the debate between protecting individual choice and promoting public health in the context of the current measles outbreak.

Program Science—A Framework for Improving Global Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):305-306. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.9
Editorial

Implementation Science in Pediatric Health Care: Advances and Opportunities

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):307-309. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.8

Understanding Adherence Requires Pragmatic Trials: Lessons From Pediatric Asthma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):310-311. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3661

Oxygen Therapy for Preterm Neonates: The Elusive Optimal Target

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):311-313. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3664

The Know, Do, and Quality Gaps in International Maternal and Child Health Care Interventions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):313-314. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3741

Centralized Reminder/Recall: Collaboration to Promote the Effective Use of Technology

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):314-316. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3709
Original Investigation

Pragmatic Trial of Health Care Technologies to Improve Adherence to Pediatric Asthma Treatment: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):317-323. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3280

This pragmatic randomized clinical trial tests a speech recognition intervention to improve adherence to pediatric asthma treatment.

Central Catheter–Associated Bloodstream Infection Reduction With Ethanol Lock Prophylaxis in Pediatric Intestinal Failure: Broadening Quality Improvement Initiatives From Hospital to Home

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):324-331. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3291

This control analysis reports that a best practice central catheter-associated bloodstream infection prevention bundle sustained reduction in preventable harm in the form of central catheter-associated bloodstream infections in children with intestinal failure.

Journal Club

Oxygen Saturation Target Range for Extremely Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):332-340. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3307

This meta-analysis systematically reviews evidence evaluating the effect of restricted vs liberal oxygen exposure on morbidity and mortality in extremely preterm infants and concludes that, although infants cared for with a liberal oxygen target had significantly lower mortality before hospital discharge than infants cared for with a restricted oxygen target, the quality of evidence for this estimate of effect is low.

Efficacy and Optimization of Palivizumab Injection Regimens Against Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):341-348. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3804

This mathematical modeling study finds that modified palivizumab regimens improve protection for children at risk for severe outcomes of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection.

The Know-Do Gap in Quality of Health Care for Childhood Diarrhea and Pneumonia in Rural India

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):349-357. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3445

This observational, cross-sectional study reports that health care practitioners in rural India have a large know-do gap for the diagnosis and treatment of childhood diarrhea and pneumonia. See also the Editorial by Tielsch.

Parents’ Preferences for Enhanced Access in the Pediatric Medical Home: A Discrete Choice Experiment

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):358-364. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3534

This study reports that practices should seek to engage families in prioritizing changes in practice services as part of medical home implementation.

Collaborative Centralized Reminder/Recall Notification to Increase Immunization Rates Among Young Children: A Comparative Effectiveness Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):365-373. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3670

This randomized pragmatic trial reports improved rates of up-to-date immunizations when primary care practices instituted a collaborative centralized reminder/recall. See also the Editorial comment by Fiks.

Predictors of Community Therapists’ Use of Therapy Techniques in a Large Public Mental Health System

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):374-382. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3736

This observational, cross-sectional study suggests that individual and organizational factors help explain therapist behavior and use of evidence-based practices, but the relative importance varies by therapeutic technique.

Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Mortality Among Latino Children Before and After a Multilevel Health Care Delivery Intervention

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):383-390. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3789

This observational study finds that the higher odds of ICU mortality in Latino children disappeared after culturally and linguistically sensitive interventions at multiple levels.

Injury Prevention by Medication Among Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Case-Only Study

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):391-395. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3275

This case-only study found no significant risk reduction for hospitalizations with injury diagnoses during periods of ADHD medication, but did find a 34% reduction in the risk of brain injuries.

Association Between Admission Temperature and Mortality and Major Morbidity in Preterm Infants Born at Fewer Than 33 Weeks’ Gestation

Abstract Full Text
free access online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):e150277. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0277

This retrospective observational study reports the lowest rates of mortality or severe neurological injury, severe retinopathy of prematurity, necrotizing enterocolitis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, or nosocomial infection in neonates were associated with admission temperatures between 36.5°C and 37.2°C.

Risk for Incident Diabetes Mellitus Following Initiation of Second-Generation Antipsychotics Among Medicaid-Enrolled Youths

Abstract Full Text
free access online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):e150285. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0285

This retrospective observational study reports that the risk for incident type 2 diabetes mellitus was increased among youths initiating second-generation antipsychotics and was highest in those concomitantly using antidepressants.

Review

Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy: A Review for the Clinician

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):397-403. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3269

This review finds that understanding of the pathophysiological features of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is improving. Treatment with hypothermia has become the foundation of therapy.

JAMA Pediatrics Clinical Challenge

Sudden Painless Nail Shedding

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):405-406. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3286
Correction

Error in Group Information and Figure

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):323. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0528
JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

Keeping Children and Adolescents Safe From Firearms

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):412. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.2122
JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):298. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.2119
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