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December 2020 - January 1911

Decade

Year

Issue

August 2015, Vol 169, No. 8, Pages 705-796

In This Issue of JAMA Pediatrics

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):705. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.2142
Viewpoint

Effects of Breastfeeding on Obesity and Intelligence: Causal Insights From Different Study Designs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):707-708. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0175

This Viewpoint explains the strengths and weaknesses of different study designs as they relate to the breastfeeding literature, then assesses the effect of breastfeeding on obesity and IQ.

Using Collaborative Improvement and Innovation Networks to Tackle Complex Population Health Problems

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):709-710. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0324

This Viewpoint discusses using Collaborative Improvement and Innovation Networks to address complex problems related to children’s health.

Evidence, Politics, and the Future of the Children’s Health Insurance Program

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):711-712. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0915

This Viewpoint discusses the future of the Children’s Health Insurance Program.

On My Mind

The Weight of Stigma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):713. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.147
Editorial

Call for Papers on Adolescent and Young Adult Health

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):714. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1727

CPAP, Surfactant, or Both for the Preterm Infant: Resolving the Dilemma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):715-717. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0909

Differentiating Sepsis From Adverse Events After Immunization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: How Is a Physician to Know?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):718-719. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0759

Campaigns Against Ionizing Radiation and Changed Practice Patterns for Imaging Use in Pediatric Appendicitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):720-721. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0912
Original Investigation

Nonintubated Surfactant Application vs Conventional Therapy in Extremely Preterm Infants: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):723-730. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0504

This randomized trial finds no increase in the survival of extremely preterm infants receiving a less-invasive surfactant application protocol vs continuous positive airway pressure.

Noninvasive Ventilation With vs Without Early Surfactant to Prevent Chronic Lung Disease in Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):731-739. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0510

This systematic review found that although the intubate-surfactant-extubate approach is not superior to noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure in preventing chronic lung disease, it does not increase chronic lung disease, death, or air leakage.

Adverse Events After Routine Immunization of Extremely Low-Birth-Weight Infants

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):740-745. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0418

This cohort study found an increase in adverse events after immunization of extremely low-birth-weight infants in the neonatal intensive care unit.

Prevalence of Childhood Exposure to Violence, Crime, and Abuse: Results From the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):746-754. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0676

This study provides current estimates of exposure to violence, crime, and abuse across childhood and at different developmental stages.

Journal Club

Effect of Reduction in the Use of Computed Tomography on Clinical Outcomes of Appendicitis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):755-760. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0479

This database review reports that use of diagnostic ultrasonography has increased and that of computed tomography has decreased in children with suspected appendicitis, resulting in a decline in negative appendectomy at 35 pediatric institutions.

Effectiveness of Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Among Trauma-Affected Children in Lusaka, Zambia: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):761-769. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0580

This randomized clinical trial of the effectiveness of trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy for orphans and vulnerable children in Zambia found that the therapy decreased symptoms related to trauma and stress.

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Lung Ultrasonography Score to Evaluate Oxygenation and Surfactant Need in Neonates Treated With Continuous Positive Airway Pressure

Abstract Full Text
free access online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):e151797. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1797

This diagnostic accuracy study assesses the accuracy of a lung ultrasonography score to monitor lung function and predict the need for surfactant therapy in neonates.

Effects of a Birth Hospital’s Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Level and Annual Volume of Very Low-Birth-Weight Infant Deliveries on Morbidity and Mortality

Abstract Full Text
free access online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):e151906. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1906

This cohort study assesses the association of a birth hospital’s annual volume of very low-birth-weight infant deliveries and neonatal intensive care unit level with the risk of several neonatal morbidities and morbidity-mortality composite outcomes that may be predictive of future neurocognitive development.

Review

Prevalence and Effect of Cyberbullying on Children and Young People: A Scoping Review of Social Media Studies

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):770-777. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0944

This scoping review shows a consistent association across studies between cyberbullying and depression among children and adolescents; however, evidence of the effect of cyberbullying on other mental health conditions is inconsistent.

Inborn Errors of Metabolism: Advances in Diagnosis and Therapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):778-782. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0754

This review article examines the current state of newborn screening for inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs), recent advances in therapy for IEMs, and opportunities for further exploration and discovery.

JAMA Pediatrics Clinical Challenge

Infant With a Unilateral Parotid Mass, Recurrent Otitis Media, and Macrocephaly

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):783-784. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0900

A 9-month-old boy presents with a left-sided facial mass. His perinatal history is notable for macrosomia, macrocephaly, left-sided failure on newborn hearing screen, and a congenital hypertrichotic patch of the left scalp. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Association of Parental Adverse Childhood Experiences and Current Child Adversity

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):786-787. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0269

This research letter discusses the importance of screening for parental adverse childhood experiences on child adversity.

Association Between Long Telomere Length and Insulin Sensitization in Adolescent Girls With Hyperinsulinemic Androgen Excess

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):787-788. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0439

This research letter explores whether differential telomere lengthening could exert more long-term benefits compared with oral contraceptives in adolescent girls with hyperinsulinemic androgen excess.

A Living Systematic Review of Nebulized Hypertonic Saline for Acute Bronchiolitis in Infants

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):788-789. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0681

This research letter explores the method of a living systematic review using the topic of nebulized hypertonic saline for bronchiolitis.

Comment & Response

The Broad Approach of a Structural Intervention Study and the Lack of Effect Detection: Target Population and Sampling Issues

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):790. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1369

The Broad Approach of a Structural Intervention Study and the Lack of Effect Detection—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):790-791. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1375

Errors and Misleading Data in Table

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):791. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2165
Correction

Errors in Abstract and Text

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):791. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1820

Error in Text

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):791. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1857

Error in SD Value in Table

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):791. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1886

Incorrect and Misleading Data

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):791. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2166
JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

Speech and Language Delays in Young Children

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):796. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.2146
JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):706. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.2143
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