This Viewpoint explains the strengths and weaknesses of different study designs as they relate to the breastfeeding literature, then assesses the effect of breastfeeding on obesity and IQ.
This Viewpoint discusses using Collaborative Improvement and Innovation Networks to address complex problems related to children’s health.
This Viewpoint discusses the future of the Children’s Health Insurance Program.
This randomized trial finds no increase in the survival of extremely preterm infants receiving a less-invasive surfactant application protocol vs continuous positive airway pressure.
This systematic review found that although the intubate-surfactant-extubate approach is not superior to noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure in preventing chronic lung disease, it does not increase chronic lung disease, death, or air leakage.
This cohort study found an increase in adverse events after immunization of extremely low-birth-weight infants in the neonatal intensive care unit.
This study provides current estimates of exposure to violence, crime, and abuse across childhood and at different developmental stages.
This database review reports that use of diagnostic ultrasonography has increased and that of computed tomography has decreased in children with suspected appendicitis, resulting in a decline in negative appendectomy at 35 pediatric institutions.
This randomized clinical trial of the effectiveness of trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy for orphans and vulnerable children in Zambia found that the therapy decreased symptoms related to trauma and stress.
This diagnostic accuracy study assesses the accuracy of a lung ultrasonography score to monitor lung function and predict the need for surfactant therapy in neonates.
This cohort study assesses the association of a birth hospital’s annual volume of very low-birth-weight infant deliveries and neonatal intensive care unit level with the risk of several neonatal morbidities and morbidity-mortality composite outcomes that may be predictive of future neurocognitive development.
This scoping review shows a consistent association across studies between cyberbullying and depression among children and adolescents; however, evidence of the effect of cyberbullying on other mental health conditions is inconsistent.
This review article examines the current state of newborn screening for inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs), recent advances in therapy for IEMs, and opportunities for further exploration and discovery.
A 9-month-old boy presents with a left-sided facial mass. His perinatal history is notable for macrosomia, macrocephaly, left-sided failure on newborn hearing screen, and a congenital hypertrichotic patch of the left scalp. What is your diagnosis?
This research letter discusses the importance of screening for parental adverse childhood experiences on child adversity.
This research letter explores whether differential telomere lengthening could exert more long-term benefits compared with oral contraceptives in adolescent girls with hyperinsulinemic androgen excess.
This research letter explores the method of a living systematic review using the topic of nebulized hypertonic saline for bronchiolitis.
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