Angela Kribs, MD; Claudia Roll, MD; Wolfgang Göpel, MD; et al.
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):723-730. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0504
This randomized trial finds no increase in the survival of extremely preterm infants receiving a less-invasive surfactant application protocol vs continuous positive airway pressure.
Audio Author Interview:
Nonintubated Surfactant Application in Extremely Preterm Infants (JAMA Pediatrics)
Tetsuya Isayama, MD; Chatree Chai-Adisaksopha, MD; Sarah D. McDonald, MD, MSc
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):731-739. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0510
This systematic review found that although the intubate-surfactant-extubate approach is not superior to noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure in preventing chronic lung disease, it does not increase chronic lung disease, death, or air leakage.
Stephen D. DeMeo, DO; Sudha R. Raman, PhD; Christoph P. Hornik, MD, MPH; et al.
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):740-745. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0418
This cohort study found an increase in adverse events after immunization of extremely low-birth-weight infants in the neonatal intensive care unit.
David Finkelhor, PhD; Heather A. Turner, PhD; Anne Shattuck, MA; et al.
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):746-754. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0676
This study provides current estimates of exposure to violence, crime, and abuse across childhood and at different developmental stages.
Richard G. Bachur, MD; Jason A. Levy, MD; Michael J. Callahan, MD; et al.
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):755-760. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0479
This database review reports that use of diagnostic ultrasonography has increased and that of computed tomography has decreased in children with suspected appendicitis, resulting in a decline in negative appendectomy at 35 pediatric institutions.
Laura K. Murray, PhD; Stephanie Skavenski, MSW, MPH; Jeremy C. Kane, PhD; et al.
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):761-769. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0580
This randomized clinical trial of the effectiveness of trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy for orphans and vulnerable children in Zambia found that the therapy decreased symptoms related to trauma and stress.
Caring for the Critically Ill Patient
Roselyne Brat, MD; Nadya Yousef, MD; Roman Klifa, MD; et al.
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):e151797. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1797
This diagnostic accuracy study assesses the accuracy of a lung ultrasonography score to monitor lung function and predict the need for surfactant therapy in neonates.
Erik A. Jensen, MD; Scott A. Lorch, MD, MSCE
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(8):e151906. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1906
This cohort study assesses the association of a birth hospital’s annual volume of very low-birth-weight infant deliveries and neonatal intensive care unit level with the risk of several neonatal morbidities and morbidity-mortality composite outcomes that may be predictive of future neurocognitive development.