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August 2019 - January 1911

Decade

Year

Issue

April 2016, Vol 170, No. 4, Pages 307-400

In This Issue of JAMA Pediatrics

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):307. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2515
Viewpoint

What Pediatricians and Other Clinicians Should Know About Zika Virus

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):309-310. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0429

This Viewpoint describes the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, prevention, and diagnosis of Zika virus.

The Role of Pediatricians in the Face of Increasing Domestic Terrorism Threats

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):311-312. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4758

This Viewpoint discusses the need for pediatricians to be prepared to address the psychosocial needs of children after violent public events.

Exploring Parents’ Adversities in Pediatric Primary Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):313-314. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4459

The Viewpoint explores the benefits and risks of screening parents for adverse childhood experiences.

The Disappearance of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Has the Clock Turned Back?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):315-316. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4172

This Viewpoint describes how the diagnostic term Sudden Infant Death Syndrome has fallen out of favor.

On My Mind

The Breastfeeding Pep Talk

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):317. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4383
Editorial

Optimizing Sun Protection for Children: Having Our Day in the Sun

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):318-319. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4524

To Risk Adjust or Not to Risk Adjust: Should That Be the Question?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):319-320. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4527

The Differential Susceptibility Hypothesis: Sensitivity to the Environment for Better and for Worse

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):321-322. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4263

The Search for Treatment of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):322-324. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4721
Original Investigation

Journal Club

Pediatric Hospital Discharges to Home Health and Postacute Facility Care: A National Study

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):326-333. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4836

This study assessed the national prevalence of, characteristics of children discharged to, and variation in use across states of home health care and postacute care for children.

Effectiveness of a Multicomponent Sun Protection Program for Young Children: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):334-342. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4373

This randomized clinical trial determines whether a multicomponent sun protection program delivered in pediatric clinics during the summer could increase summertime sun protection among young children.

Social Environmental Moderators of Long-term Functional Outcomes of Early Childhood Brain Injury

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):343-349. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4485

This study examines the long-term functional outcomes of early childhood traumatic brain injury relative to early childhood orthopedic injury as well as the moderating role of the social environment as defined by parent report and observational measures of family functioning, parenting practices, and home environment.

Association of Social Determinants With Children’s Hospitals’ Preventable Readmissions Performance

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):350-358. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4440

This cohort study compares baseline and social determinants of health-risk–adjusted potentially preventable readmission rates to determine whether adjustment for social determinants of health could affect the pay-for-performance penalty status of a national sample of children’s hospitals.

Genetic Differential Susceptibility to Socioeconomic Status and Childhood Obesogenic Behavior: Why Targeted Prevention May Be the Best Societal Investment

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):359-364. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4253

This cohort study investigates whether children carrying the 7-repeat allele of the DRD4 gene living under adverse economic conditions have different fat intakes than those living in a healthy environment.

Late Surfactant Administration in Very Preterm Neonates With Prolonged Respiratory Distress and Pulmonary Outcome at 1 Year of Age: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):365-372. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4617

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of late surfactant administration in infants with prolonged respiratory distress.

Pediatric Quality Measures

Usual Care for Adolescent Depression From Symptom Identification Through Treatment Initiation

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):373-380. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4158

This study of medical records evaluates the appropriateness of follow-up care for adolescents with newly identified depression symptoms in 3 large health systems.

Fish Intake in Pregnancy and Child Growth: A Pooled Analysis of 15 European and US Birth Cohorts

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):381-390. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4430

This multicenter, population-based birth cohort study examined whether fish intake in pregnancy is associated with offspring growth and the risk of childhood overweight and obesity.

Association of Prenatal Diagnosis of Critical Congenital Heart Disease With Postnatal Brain Development and the Risk of Brain Injury

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):e154450. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4450

This cohort study compares brain injury prevalence and brain development in neonates with prenatal vs postnatal diagnosis of critical congenital heart disease.

Parent-Reported Errors and Adverse Events in Hospitalized Children

Abstract Full Text
free access online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):e154608. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4608

This cohort study assesses the frequency with which parents experience patient safety incidents and the proportion of reported incidents that meet standard definitions of medical errors and preventable adverse events.

Editor's Note

Pediatric Quality Measures

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):380. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0005
JAMA Pediatrics Clinical Challenge

A Child With Septic Shock and Purpura

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):391-392. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2466

A 13-month-old girl was hospitalized with acute exudative tonsillitis. Two days later, she developed lesions and fell into septic shock. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Wheezing Patterns in Early Childhood and the Risk of Respiratory and Allergic Disease in Adolescence

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):393-395. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4127

This study applied the Tuscon Children’s Respiratory Study wheeze phenotypes to the high-risk Canadian Asthma Primary Prevention Study cohort and evaluated associations with pulmonary function, asthma, and allergic disease in adolescence.

Changes in Academic Demands and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Young Children

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):396-397. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4132

This study investigated whether changes in academic demands since the 1970s have contributed to the rise in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder among young children in the United States.

Use of Mobile Technology to Calm Upset Children: Associations With Social-Emotional Development

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):397-399. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4260

This study examines associations between the social-emotional development of toddlers and mobile media use in a sample of parent-toddler dyads.

Comment & Response

Attribution of Concussion-Like Symptoms and History of Collision Sports Exposure

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):399-400. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4646

Attribution of Concussion-Like Symptoms and History of Collision Sports Exposure—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):400. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4649
JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):308. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2516
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