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June 2019 - January 1911

Decade

Year

Issue

May 2016, Vol 170, No. 5, Pages 407-516

In This Issue of JAMA Pediatrics

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):407. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2522
Viewpoint

Adolescent and Young Adult Health

Involving Parents in Pediatric Patients’ Decisions About Long-Acting Reversible Contraception

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):409-410. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3152

This Viewpoint discusses the development of strategies to encourage dialogues between adolescent patients, parents, and health care professionals about sexual and reproductive health preventive services, including long-acting reversible contraception.

The Problem and Promise of Prognosis Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):411-412. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4871

This Viewpoint explains the importance of prognosis as a link between diagnosis and therapy in medical practice and points out difficulties in prognosis research.

Adolescent and Young Adult Health

US Youth Soccer Concussion Policy: Heading in the Right Direction

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):413-414. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0338

This Viewpoint provides an overview of US Soccer’s initiatives to improve concussion awareness and management.

Editorial

Thank You to JAMA Pediatrics Authors, Peer Reviewers, and Readers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):415-416. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0326

Adolescent and Young Adult Health

Long-Acting Reversible Contraception and Condom Use: We Need a Better Message

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):417-418. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0141

Adolescent and Young Adult Health

Stigmatizing Beliefs Regarding Street-Connected Children and Youth: Criminalized Not Criminal

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):419-420. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0161

Adolescent and Young Adult Health

The Pertussis Problem and a Possible Solution: Will Parents Go Along?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):421-422. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0157

Adolescent and Young Adult Health

Mental Health Disparities Among Transgender Youth: Rethinking the Role of Professionals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):423-424. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0155

The Potential Impact on Children of the CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain: Above All, Do No Harm

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):425-426. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0504
Original Investigation

Adolescent and Young Adult Health

Long-Acting Reversible Contraception and Condom Use Among Female US High School Students: Implications for Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevention

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):428-434. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0007

This cross-sectional analysis compares condom use among sexually active female US high school students who use long-acting reversible contraception vs moderately effective contraceptive methods.

Adolescent and Young Adult Health

Causes of Child and Youth Homelessness in Developed and Developing Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):435-444. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0156

This systematic review and meta-analysis reports on the self-reported reasons why children and youth around the world become street-involved.

Adolescent and Young Adult Health

Human Papillomavirus Vaccination and Cervical Cytology Outcomes Among Urban Low-Income Minority Females

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):445-452. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3926

This cohort study examines the effect of human papillomavirus vaccination on the subsequent risk for abnormal cervical cytology results among urban, low-income minority females.

Adolescent and Young Adult Health

Impact of Tetanus Toxoid, Reduced Diphtheria Toxoid, and Acellular Pertussis Vaccinations on Reported Pertussis Cases Among Those 11 to 18 Years of Age in an Era of Waning Pertussis Immunity: A Follow-up Analysis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):453-458. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4875

This study evaluates the tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis vaccine’s effect over time among adolescents 11 to 18 years old and accounts for the transition from whole-cell to acellular pertussis vaccines for the childhood primary series.

Epidemiological and Economic Effects of Priming With the Whole-Cell Bordetella pertussis Vaccine

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):459-465. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0047

This simulation study using a mathematical model of pertussis transmission assesses whether a priming dose of whole-cell pertussis vaccine is cost-effective at reducing pertussis infection in infants.

Adolescent and Young Adult Health

Childhood Psychosocial Factors and Coronary Artery Calcification in Adulthood: The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):466-472. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4121

This longitudinal study evaluates the association of childhood psychosocial factors with adult coronary artery calcification among participants in the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study.

Adolescent and Young Adult Health

Modifiable Neighborhood Features Associated With Adolescent Homicide

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):473-480. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4697

This population-based case-control study assesses associations between environmental neighborhood features (such as streets, buildings, and natural surroundings) and adolescent homicide to identify targets for future place-based interventions.

Journal Club

Psychiatric Diagnoses and Comorbidities in a Diverse, Multicity Cohort of Young Transgender Women: Baseline Findings From Project LifeSkills

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):481-486. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0067

This observational study reports on the prevalence of mental health and psychiatric comorbidities in a community-based sample of young transgender women.

Adolescent and Young Adult Health

Association of Sleep Deprivation With Reduction in Insulin Sensitivity as Assessed by the Hyperglycemic Clamp Technique in Adolescents

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):487-494. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4365

This cross-sectional study compares insulin sensitivity, measured with the hyperglycemic clamp technique, in adolescents with sleep deprivation vs those with adequate sleep.

Academic Outcomes 2 Years After Working Memory Training for Children With Low Working Memory: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):e154568. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4568

The randomized clinical trial tests whether a computerized adaptive working memory intervention program improves long-term academic outcomes of children 6 to 7 years of age with low working memory compared with usual classroom teaching.

Special Communication

Prenatal and Perinatal Determinants of Lung Health and Disease in Early Life: A National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Workshop Report

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):e154577. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4577

This special communication reports on the recommendations developed by a group of extramural investigators convened by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute for the direction(s) for future research in prenatal and perinatal determinants of lung health and disease in early life and identifies opportunities for scientific advancement.

Review

Adolescent and Young Adult Health

Cancer in Adolescents and Young Adults: A Narrative Review of the Current Status and a View of the Future

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):495-501. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4689

This review provides an overview of the unique challenges faced by adolescents and young adults with cancer.

Adolescent and Young Adult Health

Treatment Considerations for the Cardiometabolic Signs of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Review of the Literature Since the 2013 Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guidelines

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):502-507. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4866

This review investigates current literature for treatment recommendations for cardiometabolic risk factors associated with polycystic ovary syndrome and finds potential for metformin and estrogen-progestin dual therapy, although longitudinal studies are warranted to determine its long-term effect on cardiovascular health.

JAMA Pediatrics Clinical Challenge

A 5-Year-Old Boy With Refractory Hypocalcemia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):509-510. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2475

A 5-year-old boy with global developmental delay presented with a 3-day history of vomiting, diarrhea, and refusing to bear weight. His parents said that he is a “picky eater,” with a diet consisting exclusively of orange soda, meat, and chili. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Adolescent and Young Adult Health

Online Electronic Cigarette Marketing—Violation of Self-regulated Standards by Tobacco Companies

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):511-512. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4501

This research letter discusses the marketing practices of electronic cigarette companies and the age-verification gates used on their websites to prevent those younger than 18 years from accessing their website.

Peer Reviewers List

JAMA Pediatrics Peer Reviewers in 2015

Abstract Full Text
free access online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):e160323. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0323
JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

Long-Acting Reversible Contraception for Adolescents

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):516. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2526
JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(5):408. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2523
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