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June 2019 - January 1911

Decade

Year

Issue

December 2017, Vol 171, No. 12, Pages 1133-1236

In This Issue of JAMA Pediatrics

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1133. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3147
Viewpoint

Anesthetics and Cognitive Impairments in Developing Children: What Is Our Responsibility?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1135-1136. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3033

This Viewpoint describes how exposure to general anesthesia and sedatives may affect cognitive and/or behavioral development in children.

Changing Physician Approaches to Marijuana Use in a New Era of Legalization

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1137-1138. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3030

This Viewpoint argues that pediatric physicians must revisit their approach to screening adolescents and young adults for marijuana use and initiating conversations about its associated health consequences with patients and their parents.

The Value of Preterm Infant Environmental Health Cohorts: The Canary in the Coal Mine

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1139-1140. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3230

This Viewpoint discusses the importance of environmental health studies of neonatal intensive care unit populations and the actionable information it can provide to improve neonatal intensive care.

On My Mind

The Emotional Fallout From the Culture of Blame and Shame

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1141. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.2691
Editorial

Death by Gun Violence—A Public Health Crisis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1142-1143. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4359

Environmental Exposures, Telomere Length at Birth, and Disease Susceptibility in Later Life

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1143-1144. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3562

Motivating Health Behaviors in Adolescents Through Behavioral Economics

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1145-1146. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3464

Macrolides and Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia—Time for a Paradigm Shift?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1147-1148. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3828

A Time to Sequence

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):e173435. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3435
Original Investigation

Dose, Content, and Mediators of Family-Based Treatment for Childhood Obesity: A Multisite Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1151-1159. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.2960

This randomized clinical trial evaluates effects of dose and content of 8 months of a weight-control intervention after 4 months of family-based behavioral weight loss treatment vs a weight-control education condition on children’s weight loss outcomes.

Prenatal Air Pollution and Newborns' Predisposition to Accelerated Biological Aging

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1160-1167. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3024

This cohort study uses data from the ENVIRONAGE birth cohort in Flanders, Belgium, to investigate whether prenatal exposure to particulate air matter is associated with newborn telomere length.

Association Between Early Life Adversity and Risk for Poor Emotional and Physical Health in Adolescence: A Putative Mechanistic Neurodevelopmental Pathway

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1168-1175. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3009

This prospective longitudinal study investigates the neurodevelopmental trajectory of the association between early childhood adversity and adolescent general and emotional health outcomes.

Effect of Financial Incentives on Glucose Monitoring Adherence and Glycemic Control Among Adolescents and Young Adults With Type 1 Diabetes: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1176-1183. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3233

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of financial incentives on glucose monitoring adherence in adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes.

Effectiveness of β-Lactam Monotherapy vs Macrolide Combination Therapy for Children Hospitalized With Pneumonia

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1184-1191. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3225

This cohort study compares the effectiveness of β-lactam monotherapy vs β-lactam plus macrolide combination therapy among children hospitalized with pneumonia.

Associations of Electronic Cigarette Nicotine Concentration With Subsequent Cigarette Smoking and Vaping Levels in Adolescents

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1192-1199. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3209

This cohort study evaluates whether use of electronic cigarettes with higher nicotine concentrations is associated with subsequent increases in the frequency and intensity of combustible cigarette smoking and vaping among youths.

Association of Antidepressant Medications With Incident Type 2 Diabetes Among Medicaid-Insured Youths

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1200-1207. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.2896

This cohort study uses Medicaid claims data to assess the association between antidepressant use and the risk of incident type 2 diabetes among youths by antidepressant subclass and duration of use, cumulative dose, and average daily dose.

Diagnostic Performance of Magnetic Resonance Enterography for Detection of Active Inflammation in Children and Adolescents With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Systematic Review and Diagnostic Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1208-1216. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3400

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the use of magnetic resonance enterography in the diagnosis of inflammation in pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

Association Between Early-Life Antibiotic Use and the Risk of Islet or Celiac Disease Autoimmunity

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1217-1225. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.2905

This cohort study tests the association between early-life antibiotic use and islet or celiac disease autoimmunity in genetically at-risk children prospectively followed up for type 1 diabetes or celiac disease.

Association of Acute Kidney Injury With Concomitant Vancomycin and Piperacillin/Tazobactam Treatment Among Hospitalized Children

Abstract Full Text
free access online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):e173219. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3219

This cohort study used a comprehensive database shared by 6 hospitals to determine the association between the administration of combination therapy for serious infections and the development of acute kidney injury in hospitalized children.

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Use of Exome Sequencing for Infants in Intensive Care Units: Ascertainment of Severe Single-Gene Disorders and Effect on Medical Management

Abstract Full Text
open access online only has audio
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):e173438. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3438

This study analyzes the diagnostic yield and use of clinical exome sequencing in 278 infants predominantly in intensive care units at a single tertiary institution in the first 100 days of life.

JAMA Pediatrics Clinical Challenge

An 11-Year-Old Boy With Vision Loss

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1226-1227. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.2543

An 11-year-old boy diagnosed as having eczema and multiple food allergies presented with an 8-month history of progressive visions loss, night blindness, light sensitivity, and dry eyes. On examination, his conjunctiva had dry, keratinized patches with foamy appearance, and his cornea showed areas of marked epitheliopathy with opacity. What is your diagnosis?

Comment & Response

The Use of Tri-Ponderal Mass Index and Other Indices in Estimating Visceral Body Fat Percentages in Adolescents—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1228. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3447

The Use of Tri-Ponderal Mass Index and Other Indices in Estimating Visceral Body Fat Percentages in Adolescents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1228. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3450

Gadolinium Deposition in the Pediatric Brain

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1229. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3553

Gadolinium Deposition in the Pediatric Brain—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1229. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3556

Fruit Juice and Fruit in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children Food Packages

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1229-1230. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3559

Notice of Retraction. Wansink B, Just DR, Payne CR. Can Branding Improve School Lunches? Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012;166(10):967-968.

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1230. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4603
JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

What Parents Need to Know About Electronic Cigarettes

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1236. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3802
JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(12):1134. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3148
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