This Viewpoint describes how exposure to general anesthesia and sedatives may affect cognitive and/or behavioral development in children.
This Viewpoint argues that pediatric physicians must revisit their approach to screening adolescents and young adults for marijuana use and initiating conversations about its associated health consequences with patients and their parents.
This Viewpoint discusses the importance of environmental health studies of neonatal intensive care unit populations and the actionable information it can provide to improve neonatal intensive care.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates effects of dose and content of 8 months of a weight-control intervention after 4 months of family-based behavioral weight loss treatment vs a weight-control education condition on children’s weight loss outcomes.
This cohort study uses data from the ENVIRONAGE birth cohort in Flanders, Belgium, to investigate whether prenatal exposure to particulate air matter is associated with newborn telomere length.
This prospective longitudinal study investigates the neurodevelopmental trajectory of the association between early childhood adversity and adolescent general and emotional health outcomes.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of financial incentives on glucose monitoring adherence in adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes.
This cohort study compares the effectiveness of β-lactam monotherapy vs β-lactam plus macrolide combination therapy among children hospitalized with pneumonia.
This cohort study evaluates whether use of electronic cigarettes with higher nicotine concentrations is associated with subsequent increases in the frequency and intensity of combustible cigarette smoking and vaping among youths.
This cohort study uses Medicaid claims data to assess the association between antidepressant use and the risk of incident type 2 diabetes among youths by antidepressant subclass and duration of use, cumulative dose, and average daily dose.
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the use of magnetic resonance enterography in the diagnosis of inflammation in pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease.
This cohort study tests the association between early-life antibiotic use and islet or celiac disease autoimmunity in genetically at-risk children prospectively followed up for type 1 diabetes or celiac disease.
This cohort study used a comprehensive database shared by 6 hospitals to determine the association between the administration of combination therapy for serious infections and the development of acute kidney injury in hospitalized children.
This study analyzes the diagnostic yield and use of clinical exome sequencing in 278 infants predominantly in intensive care units at a single tertiary institution in the first 100 days of life.
An 11-year-old boy diagnosed as having eczema and multiple food allergies presented with an 8-month history of progressive visions loss, night blindness, light sensitivity, and dry eyes. On examination, his conjunctiva had dry, keratinized patches with foamy appearance, and his cornea showed areas of marked epitheliopathy with opacity. What is your diagnosis?
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