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February 2017, Vol 171, No. 2, Pages 101-204

In This Issue of JAMA Pediatrics

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):101. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3087
Viewpoint

The Current State of Epigenetic Research in Humans: Promise and Reality

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):103-104. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3508

The Viewpoint discusses using epigenome-wide association studies to analyze DNA methylation.

Marketing Claims for Infant Formula: The Need for Evidence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):105-106. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3837

This Viewpoint discusses the need for data to substantiate marketing claims for infant formula.

A Maker Movement for Health: A New Paradigm for Health Innovation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):107-108. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3747

This Viewpoint describes the contributions of the Maker Movement to health care innovation and discusses future challenges and opportunities for the movement.

On My Mind

Goodbyes Are Not Forever

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):109. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2382
Editorial

Spending on Children’s Health Care in the United States: Accomplishments and Challenges in Financing Health Services for Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):110-111. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4084

Breaking the Cycle of Compounded Adversity in the Lives of Institutionalized Youth

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):111-113. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3981

Pediatric Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: Pushing for Progress in Public Response

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):113-115. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3694

Understanding the Full Effect of the Changing Legal Status of Marijuana on Youth: Getting It Right

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):115-116. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3920

Has Marijuana Legalization Increased Marijuana Use Among US Youth?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):116-118. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3917

Antibiotics and Obesity—A Burgeoning or Thinning Argument?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):118-120. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4032

One Step Further Toward Defining the Optimal Respiratory Care Package for Neonates: Interventions to Successfully Extubate Preterm Infants

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):120-121. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3271

Prioritizing Pediatric Surgical Conditions—A Call to Go Beyond Operations, Cost, and Comparative Effectiveness Research

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):e163923. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3923
Original Investigation

Sex and Racial/Ethnic Differences in Positive Outcomes in Delinquent Youth After Detention: A 12-Year Longitudinal Study

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):123-132. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3260

This longitudinal study investigates positive outcomes among delinquent youth after detention, focusing on sex and racial/ethnic differences.

Association of Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation With Overall and Neurologically Favorable Survival After Pediatric Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in the United States: A Report From the Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival Surveillance Registry

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):133-141. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3643

This analysis of data from the US Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival database characterizes bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation in pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrests.

Journal Club

Association of State Recreational Marijuana Laws With Adolescent Marijuana Use

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):142-149. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3624

This study examines the association between the legalization of recreational marijuana use in Washington and Colorado in 2012 and the subsequent perceived harmfulness and use of marijuana by adolescents.

Weight Gain and Obesity in Infants and Young Children Exposed to Prolonged Antibiotic Prophylaxis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):150-156. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3349

This secondary analysis of randomized clinical trial data examines whether prolonged antibiotic exposure is associated with weight gain in children with vesicoureteral reflux taking antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent recurrent urinary tract infection.

Association of a Clinical Practice Guideline With Blood Culture Use in Critically Ill Children

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):157-164. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3153

This cohort study assesses the association of implementation of clinical practice guidelines with the use of blood cultures in critically ill children.

Interventions to Improve Rates of Successful Extubation in Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):165-174. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3015

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines interventions to improve rates of successful extubation.

Cost-effectiveness of Prophylactic Moisturization for Atopic Dermatitis

Abstract Full Text
free access online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):e163909. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3909

This study investigates the cost-effectiveness of using a daily moisturizer as prevention against atopic dermatitis among high-risk newborns.

Quantifying the Burden of Interhospital Cost Variation in Pediatric Surgery: Implications for the Prioritization of Comparative Effectiveness Research

Abstract Full Text
free access online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):e163926. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3926

This cohort study identifies general pediatric surgical procedures and identifies cost variation among 45 children’s hospitals.

Special Communication

Spending on Children’s Personal Health Care in the United States, 1996-2013

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):181-189. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4086

This article provides health care spending estimates for children and adolescents 19 years and younger in the United States from 1996 through 2013, disaggregated by condition, age and sex group, and type of care.

Review

Risk Factors, Protective Factors, and Current Recommendations to Reduce Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: A Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):175-180. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3345

This review examines the current literature on sudden infant death syndrome and summarizes known risk factors, protective factors, and recommendations for parents and future research.

JAMA Pediatrics Clinical Challenge

A 15-Month-Old Boy With Blue-Gray Macules

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):191-192. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2832

A 15-month-old boy with congenital heart disease, seizures, and developmental delay was admitted for a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus retropharyngeal abscess and a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia treated with vancomycin and clindamycin and later developed a diffuse truncal rash. What is your diagnosis?

JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

Reducing the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):204. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3097
Research Letter

Rural and Urban Differences in Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome and Maternal Opioid Use, 2004 to 2013

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):194-196. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3750

This study uses National Inpatient Sample data to examine national trends in neonatal abstinence syndrome maternal opioid use among rural patients compared with their urban counterparts.

Comment & Response

Association of Preoperative Anemia With Postoperative Mortality in Neonates

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):196. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2962

Association of Preoperative Anemia With Postoperative Mortality in Neonates—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):196-197. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2965

The Women, Infants, and Children Food Package and 100% Fruit Juice

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):197-198. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4116

The Women, Infants, and Children Food Package and 100% Fruit Juice—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):198. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4113
JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):102. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3088
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