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July 2019 - January 1911

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October 2018, Vol 172, No. 10, Pages 897-996

In This Issue of JAMA Pediatrics

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):897. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3375
Viewpoint

Pain in Children With Severe Neurologic Impairment: Undoing Assumptions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):899-900. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1531

This Viewpoint examines the assumptions made about pain in children with severe neurologic impairment.

Moving Beyond Symptom Remission to Optimize Long-term Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):901-902. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1642

This Viewpoint explains differences between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms and impairments and suggests that treatment approaches must address both aspects of the disorder.

Understanding Pediatric Patients Who Discontinue Gender-Affirming Hormonal Interventions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):903-904. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1817

This Viewpoint describes a patient receiving gender-affirming hormonal therapy who chose to alter medication regimen after experiencing an identity shift.

Protecting Nonverbal Data Tracked in Virtual Reality

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):905-906. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1909

This Viewpoint discusses the issue of tracking and storing data on nonverbal behavior that is collected through the use of virtual reality devices.

On My Mind

Harnessing Hope

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):907. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1622

This personal essay describes a transformation of perspective during a neonatology rotation.

Editorial

Challenges and Successes in Evaluating HIV Prevention for Young Transgender Women—Building Skills, Maintaining Trust

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):908-910. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2334

Structuring Research to Address Discrimination as a Factor in Child and Adolescent Health

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):910-912. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2335

A Social Justice Framework for Lead Policy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):912-914. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2462
Original Investigation

Efficacy of an Empowerment-Based, Group-Delivered HIV Prevention Intervention for Young Transgender Women: The Project LifeSkills Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):916-923. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1799

This randomized clinical trial assesses the efficacy of an empowerment-based, group-delivered HIV prevention intervention vs standard of care only or a diet and nutrition control group among sexually active young transgender women in 2 US cities.

Association of Reported Concern About Increasing Societal Discrimination With Adverse Behavioral Health Outcomes in Late Adolescence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):924-933. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2022

This cohort survey assesses whether self-reported concern about societal discrimination and the magnitude of increased concern are associated with behavioral health outcomes among adolescents.

Effect of Residential Lead-Hazard Interventions on Childhood Blood Lead Concentrations and Neurobehavioral Outcomes: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):934-942. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2382

This randomized clinical trial examines the potential neurobehavioral outcomes for children of lead-reduction efforts conducted in their home during their mothers’ pregnancy.

Association of IgE-Mediated Allergy With Risk of Complicated Appendicitis in a Pediatric Population

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):943-948. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1634

This cohort study investigated whether IgE-mediated allergy is associated with a lower risk for complicated appendicitis among children undergoing appendectomy for acute appendicitis.

Association Between Temporal Changes in Neonatal Mortality and Spontaneous and Clinician-Initiated Deliveries in the United States, 2006-2013

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):949-957. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1792

This cohort analysis evaluates data from 22 million US singleton births to compare changes in the neonatal mortality rate between spontaneous and clinician-initiated deliveries from 2006 to 2013.

Rotavirus Vaccination and the Global Burden of Rotavirus Diarrhea Among Children Younger Than 5 Years

Abstract Full Text
open access has active quiz
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):958-965. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1960

This analysis of data from the Global Burden of Disease Study examines the extent of rotavirus infection and associated deaths among children younger than 5 years worldwide and whether the rotavirus vaccine has reduced the diarrhea-associated mortality.

Assessment of the US Federal Retailer Violation Rate as an Estimate of the Proportion of Retailers That Illegally Sell Tobacco to Adolescents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):966-972. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2038

This survey study assesses the validity of the US federal retailer violation rate as an estimate of the proportion of retailers that sell tobacco to minors and investigates what proportion always or almost always sold vs refused to sell cigarettes to supervised minors who attempted to purchase cigarettes.

Association of Prenatal Maternal Depression and Anxiety Symptoms With Infant White Matter Microstructure

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):973-981. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2132

This cohort study examines mothers with a broad range of depression and anxiety symptom severity and performed magnetic resonance imaging on their 1-month-old infants to assess the association between exposre to prenatal depression and anxiety and offspring white matter microstructure.

Diagnosis of Kawasaki Disease Using a Minimal Whole-Blood Gene Expression Signature

Abstract Full Text
open access online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):e182293. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2293

This case-control study identifies a whole-blood gene expression signature that distinguishes children with Kawasaki disease in the first week of illness from other febrile conditions.

Research Letter

Association of Plate Design With Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables Among Preschool Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):982-983. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1915

This cohort study investigates the association between use of plates with sections for fruits and vegetables designated by pictures and consumption of fruits and vegetables among preschool children 3 to 5 years of age.

Comment & Response

Errors in Meta-analysis of Trial Comparing Effectiveness and Safety of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy With Pharmacotherapy for Childhood Anxiety Disorders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):983-984. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2951

Factors Affecting Vaccination in Children and Their Siblings After Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):984-985. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2160

Factors Affecting Vaccination in Children and Their Siblings After Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):985. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2157

Factors Affecting Vaccination in Children and Their Siblings After Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):985-986. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2154

Potential Effects of Bariatric Surgery and Reduced Interleukin 32 Levels on Type 2 Diabetes and Its Comorbidities

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):986. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2357

Potential Effects of Bariatric Surgery and Reduced Interleukin 32 Levels on Type 2 Diabetes and Its Comorbidities—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):986-987. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2360

Antibiotics and Acid-Suppressing Medications in Early Life and Allergic Disorders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):987-988. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2510

Antibiotics and Acid-Suppressing Medications in Early Life and Allergic Disorders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):988. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2504

Antibiotics and Acid-Suppressing Medications in Early Life and Allergic Disorders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):988-989. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2520

Antibiotics and Acid-Suppressing Medications in Early Life and Allergic Disorders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):989-990. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2507

Antibiotics and Acid-Suppressing Medications in Early Life and Allergic Disorders—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):990-991. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2513

Oral Rehydration Solution—An Essential Therapy for Childhood Gastroenteritis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):991. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2622

Oral Rehydration Solution—An Essential Therapy for Childhood Gastroenteritis—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):991-992. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2627
Correction

Coding Error in Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):992. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.3021

Error in Citation Order

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):992. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.3425

Error in Author Byline

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):992. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.3553
JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

How to Consider Screen Time Limits…for Parents

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):996. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2550

This Patient Page discusses how and why parents should limit time with their smartphones.

JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(10):898. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3376
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