This Viewpoint explains the financial, policy, and logistical challenges in meeting goals on preventing, diagnosing, and treating HIV/AIDS worldwide.
This Viewpoint describes why discussing early romantic relationships with adolescents is useful and gives tips on how to do it.
This Viewpoint provides clinical illustrations showing how taking parental permission seriously can help clinicians deliver better care to pediatric patients and addresses frustrations with parent requests for what may seem to be suboptimal interventions.
The Viewpoint discusses whether the existing data demonstrate if the benefits of late-preterm corticosteroid administration outweigh the risks.
This cohort study examines changes in gestational age distribution and gestational age–specific perinatal mortality in US singleton births from 2007 through 2015.
This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses findings from clinical trials that evaluated the association of vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy with outcomes in the fetus and neonate.
This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of 1200-IU vs 400-IU doses of vitamin D3 on bone strength and infection in Finnish healthy term infants.
This study tests the hypothesis that early postoperative acetaminophen exposure is associated with reduced risk of acute kidney injury in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
This randomized clinical trial investigates whether treating pneumothoraces diagnosed on a chest radiograph in newborns receiving respiratory support with needle aspiration results in fewer infants having chest drains inserted within 6 hours of diagnosis.
This cohort study uses data from the Nurses Health Study II to assess the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder among grandchildren of women exposed to diethylstilbestrol during pregnancy.
This study examines the association between preprocedural fasting duration and the incidence of sedation-related adverse outcomes in a large sample of children.
This cohort study uses data from a national surveillance system to examine the viral load and clinical manifestations associated with Zika virus in infants, children, and adolescents in Puerto Rico.
This cohort study assesses whether treatment with inhaled nitric oxide in the first week of life improves in-hospital survival of extremely preterm neonates with pulmonary hypoplasia.
This cohort study characterizes the association between breastfeeding, microbiota, and risk of overweight during infancy, accounting for the type and timing of supplementary feeding.
This patient page discusses the health benefits of vitamin D and how it can be provided to children.
This randomized clinical noninferiority trial compares solar-powered oxygen delivery vs standard oxygen delivery using compressed oxygen cylinders among children younger than 13 years with hypoxemic illness at 2 resource-constrained hospitals in Uganda.
This study describes the incidence rates for 4 lysosomal storage disorders from 4 years of full-population testing of all newborns in Missouri.
This study compares age-specific rates of suicide between black and white youths using data from the Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
This study examines the association of maternal eligibility for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) immigration program with participation of citizen children in the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) health care and supplemental nutrition program.
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