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July 2018, Vol 172, No. 7, Pages 605-708

In This Issue of JAMA Pediatrics

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):605. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3357
Viewpoint

The Challenge of Vanquishing HIV for the Next Generation—Facing the Future

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):609-610. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0389

This Viewpoint explains the financial, policy, and logistical challenges in meeting goals on preventing, diagnosing, and treating HIV/AIDS worldwide.

Let’s Talk About Dating—Promoting Discussions About Adolescent Dating and Early Romantic Relationships

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):611-612. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0392

This Viewpoint describes why discussing early romantic relationships with adolescents is useful and gives tips on how to do it.

The Value of Parental Permission in Pediatric Practice

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):613-614. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0395

This Viewpoint provides clinical illustrations showing how taking parental permission seriously can help clinicians deliver better care to pediatric patients and addresses frustrations with parent requests for what may seem to be suboptimal interventions.

Risks and Benefits of Antenatal Late-Preterm Corticosteroids

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):615-616. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0677

The Viewpoint discusses whether the existing data demonstrate if the benefits of late-preterm corticosteroid administration outweigh the risks.

Editorial

Prenatal Vitamin D Supplementation to Improve Health in Offspring

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):617-618. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0917

Toward an Emerging Paradigm for Understanding Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Other Neurodevelopmental, Mental, and Behavioral Disorders: Environmental Risks and Epigenetic Associations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):619-621. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0920

Reevaluating Fasting for Procedural Sedation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):622-623. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0867

Uncovering the Spectrum of Postnatal Zika Infection in Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):624-625. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0921
Original Investigation

Association of Temporal Changes in Gestational Age With Perinatal Mortality in the United States, 2007-2015

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):627-634. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0249

This cohort study examines changes in gestational age distribution and gestational age–specific perinatal mortality in US singleton births from 2007 through 2015.

Association Between Vitamin D Supplementation During Pregnancy and Offspring Growth, Morbidity, and Mortality: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):635-645. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0302

This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses findings from clinical trials that evaluated the association of vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy with outcomes in the fetus and neonate.

Effect of Higher vs Standard Dosage of Vitamin D3 Supplementation on Bone Strength and Infection in Healthy Infants: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):646-654. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0602

This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of 1200-IU vs 400-IU doses of vitamin D3 on bone strength and infection in Finnish healthy term infants.

Association Between Early Postoperative Acetaminophen Exposure and Acute Kidney Injury in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):655-663. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0614

This study tests the hypothesis that early postoperative acetaminophen exposure is associated with reduced risk of acute kidney injury in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

Effect of Needle Aspiration of Pneumothorax on Subsequent Chest Drain Insertion in Newborns: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):664-669. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0623

This randomized clinical trial investigates whether treating pneumothoraces diagnosed on a chest radiograph in newborns receiving respiratory support with needle aspiration results in fewer infants having chest drains inserted within 6 hours of diagnosis.

Association of Exposure to Diethylstilbestrol During Pregnancy With Multigenerational Neurodevelopmental Deficits

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):670-677. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0727

This cohort study uses data from the Nurses Health Study II to assess the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder among grandchildren of women exposed to diethylstilbestrol during pregnancy.

Association of Preprocedural Fasting With Outcomes of Emergency Department Sedation in Children

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):678-685. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0830

This study examines the association between preprocedural fasting duration and the incidence of sedation-related adverse outcomes in a large sample of children.

Symptomatic Zika Virus Infection in Infants, Children, and Adolescents Living in Puerto Rico

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):686-693. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0870

This cohort study uses data from a national surveillance system to examine the viral load and clinical manifestations associated with Zika virus in infants, children, and adolescents in Puerto Rico.

Association of Early Inhaled Nitric Oxide With the Survival of Preterm Neonates With Pulmonary Hypoplasia

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):e180761. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0761

This cohort study assesses whether treatment with inhaled nitric oxide in the first week of life improves in-hospital survival of extremely preterm neonates with pulmonary hypoplasia.

Association of Exposure to Formula in the Hospital and Subsequent Infant Feeding Practices With Gut Microbiota and Risk of Overweight in the First Year of Life

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):e181161. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1161

This cohort study characterizes the association between breastfeeding, microbiota, and risk of overweight during infancy, accounting for the type and timing of supplementary feeding.

JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

Vitamin D and Your Child

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):708. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1004

This patient page discusses the health benefits of vitamin D and how it can be provided to children.

Research Letter

Solar-Powered Oxygen Delivery in Low-Resource Settings: A Randomized Clinical Noninferiority Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):694-696. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0228

This randomized clinical noninferiority trial compares solar-powered oxygen delivery vs standard oxygen delivery using compressed oxygen cylinders among children younger than 13 years with hypoxemic illness at 2 resource-constrained hospitals in Uganda.

Incidence of 4 Lysosomal Storage Disorders From 4 Years of Newborn Screening

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):696-697. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0263

This study describes the incidence rates for 4 lysosomal storage disorders from 4 years of full-population testing of all newborns in Missouri.

Age-Related Racial Disparity in Suicide Rates Among US Youths From 2001 Through 2015

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):697-699. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0399

This study compares age-specific rates of suicide between black and white youths using data from the Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Association of Maternal Eligibility for the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals Program With Citizen Children’s Participation in the Women, Infants, and Children Program

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):699-701. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0775

This study examines the association of maternal eligibility for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) immigration program with participation of citizen children in the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) health care and supplemental nutrition program.

Comment & Response

Cost-effectiveness of Nusinersen for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):701. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0772

Cost-effectiveness of Nusinersen for Spinal Muscular Atrophy—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):701-702. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0733

Redefining Informed Consent as Part of Consent Training in Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):702. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0922

Redefining Informed Consent as Part of Consent Training in Pediatrics—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):702-703. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0925

Mental Disorders, Antidepressants, and Type 2 Diabetes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):703-704. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1005

Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children Program, a Social Experiment on Effective Strategies to Prevent Severe Obesity Among Preschool Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):704. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1019
Correction

Error in Figures

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):704. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2205
JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(7):607. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3358
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