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July 2019 - January 1911




February 2019, Vol 173, No. 2, Pages 115-204

In This Issue of JAMA Pediatrics


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):115. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.3477

Acute Flaccid Myelitis—Keys to Diagnosis, Questions About Treatment, and Future Directions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):117-118. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4896

This Viewpoint describes epidemiological and clinical attributes of acute flaccid myelitis and suggests approaches to diagnosis and research.

New York City Childcare Influenza Vaccine Mandate

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):119-120. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4220

This Viewpoint analyzes the justification and legal issues for mandatory annual influenza vaccination among infants and children aged 6 months to 59 months in childcare and educational institutions in New York City.

Lessons From California’s Discipline of a Popular Physician for Vaccination Exemptions Without Medical Cause

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):121-122. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.3835

This Viewpoint discusses the case of a California physician who received official sanctions for granting a vaccination exemption without medical cause.

Requiring Human Papillomavirus Vaccination for School Entry

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):123-124. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4283

This Viewpoint makes the case for mandating the human papillomavirus vaccination for children to enter school.

The Effectiveness of High-Flow Oxygen Therapy and the Fascinating Song of the Sirens

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):125-126. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.3831

This Viewpoint describes the evidence supporting the use of high-flow oxygen therapy in pediatric patients with bronchiolitis, with remarks associating this unproven therapy with characters from the Odyssey, by Homer.

On My Mind

A Parental Perspective on Strengthening Knowledge After Acute Flaccid Myelitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):127. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4893

This article presents the perspective of parents who have children affected by acute flaccid myelitis and the importance of early awareness, intervention, and advocacy.


Later Sibling Recurrence of Autism Spectrum Disorder and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Clinical and Mechanistic Insights

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):128-130. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4345

A Smarter Way to Provide Epinephrine at School

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):130-132. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4540

Corporal Punishment and Children’s Report Cards—Failing Our Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):132-133. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4344
Original Investigation

Clinical Subpopulations in a Sample of North American Children Diagnosed With Acute Flaccid Myelitis, 2012-2016

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):134-139. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4890

This study evaluates the extent to which the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention case definition of acute flaccid myelitis incorporates possible alternative diagnoses.

Effect of Intranasal Ketamine vs Fentanyl on Pain Reduction for Extremity Injuries in Children: The PRIME Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):140-146. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4582

This randomized clinical trial assesses whether intranasal ketamine is noninferior to intranasal fentanyl for reducing pain in children with traumatized limb injuries treated in emergency departments.

Sibling Recurrence Risk and Cross-aggregation of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):147-152. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4076

This population-based study evaluates the presence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder in later-born siblings of children with one of these disorders.

Prevalence and Treatment Patterns of Autism Spectrum Disorder in the United States, 2016

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):153-159. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4208

This cross-sectional study estimates the prevalence and treatment patterns of autism spectrum disorder among US children using data from the 2016 National Survey of Children’s Health.

Association of Long-term Child Growth and Developmental Outcomes With Metformin vs Insulin Treatment for Gestational Diabetes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):160-168. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4214

This study estimates the association of treating gestational diabetes with metformin vs insulin with child growth and development.

Analysis of Value-Based Costs of Undesignated School Stock Epinephrine Policies for Peanut Anaphylaxis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):169-175. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4275

This analysis uses Markov simulations of the Chicago Public Schools system to define value-based strategies and cost-effectiveness of undesignated school stock epinephrine programs based on analysis of children with peanut allergies.

Association of Friday School Report Card Release With Saturday Incidence Rates of Agency-Verified Physical Child Abuse

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):176-182. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4346

This study examines the temporal association of school report card release and incidence rates of agency-verified physical abuse of primary school children during 1 academic year in a single state.

JAMA Pediatrics Clinical Evidence Synopsis

Probiotics for Children With Recurrent Abdominal Pain

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):183-184. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4575

This Evidence Synopsis describes an updated Cochrane review of recurrent abdominal pain and evaluates interventions with dietary changes to asses the body of evidence for each outcome.

Research Letter

Acute Mental Health Symptoms in Adolescent Marijuana Users

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):185-186. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.3811

This study assesses survey results from adolescent marijuana users concerning mental health symptoms and marijuana use to estimate the association of acute psychotic symptoms with frequency of use.

Association of Extending Hospital Length of Stay With Reduced Pediatric Hospital Readmissions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):186-188. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.3815

This cohort study explores the association between index hospitalization length of stay and hospital readmissions among children.

Comparison of Cerebral Palsy Severity Between 2 Eras of Antenatal Magnesium Use

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):188-190. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.3827

This before-and-after cohort analysis assesses whether implementing a recommendation of antenatal magnesium use at an institutional level in 2009 resulted in fewer subsequent cases of moderate or severe cerebral palsy.

Comparison of Antibiotic Prescribing for Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Children’s and Non-Children’s Hospitals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):190-192. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4270

This analysis uses hospital billing databases of inpatient discharges to compare antibiotic prescribing for community-acquired pneumonia by hospital type.

Prevalence of Cannabis Use in Youths After Legalization in Washington State

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):192-193. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4458

This survey study examines changes in the use of marijuana by adolescents since legalization of recreational use in Washington State.

Comment & Response

Implications of Agency in Studies of Self-regulation and Obesity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):193-194. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4351

Association of Early Introduction of Solids With Infant Sleep

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):194. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4354

Association of Early Introduction of Solids With Infant Sleep

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):195. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4357

Association of Early Introduction of Solids With Infant Sleep—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):195. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4367

Application of the Test-Negative Design to General Laboratory Submissions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):195-196. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4370

Telephone Call After Pediatric Discharge

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):196. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4552

Telephone Call After Pediatric Discharge—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):196-197. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4555

Consumerism and Innovation in Pediatric Primary Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):197-198. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4634

Consumerism and Innovation in Pediatric Primary Care—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):198. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4637

Residential Lead-Hazard Interventions, Childhood Anxiety, and Cognitive Impairment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):198-199. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4710

Errors in Abstract and Table

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):199. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.5190
JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

Human Papillomavirus Vaccination

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):204. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4546

This Patient Page describes what the human papillomavirus is, the current recommendations for receiving the vaccination, and research results of this vaccination.

JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(2):116. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.3478