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September 2021 - January 1911

Decade

Year

Issue

July 2021, Vol 175, No. 7, Pages 663-756

Viewpoint

Setting a US National Minimum Age for Juvenile Justice Jurisdiction

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):665-666. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0244

This Viewpoint discusses the impact of childhood involvement with the juvenile justice system and the need for a US national minimum age for juvenile justice jurisdiction.

Protecting Adolescents During a Sexually Transmitted Infection Testing Shortage: An Additional Challenge During a Global Pandemic

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):667-668. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0287

This Viewpoint offers guidance on testing for sexually transmitted infections among adolescents during a testing shortage.

Proposing the Ideal Alternative Payment Model for Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):669-670. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0247

This Viewpoint proposes an ideal alternative payment model for children that shifts incentives toward long-term health promotion.

Why Programs for Managing Colicky Crying Fail to Prevent Abusive Head Trauma and Suggestions for Improvement

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):671-672. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0455

This Viewpoint discusses whether educational programs that teach parents how to manage colicky crying in infants decrease the incidence of abusive head trauma.

Editorial

Preterm Birth and Heart Failure in Infancy and Beyond: Born With a Broken Heart?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):673-675. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0138

Epidural Analgesia and Autism Spectrum Disorder Risk—The Challenges Inherent in Complex Observational Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):675-677. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0382

Revitalizing Adolescent Health Behavior After the COVID-19 Pandemic

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):677-679. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0547

The Importance of Longitudinal Treatment Engagement for Youths in the Juvenile Justice System

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):e205820. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5820

Rotavirus Vaccines—Going Strong After 15 Years

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):e210356. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0356
Original Investigation

Effect of a Scalable School-Based Intervention on Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Children: A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):680-688. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0417

This cluster randomized clinical trial assesses whether students from schools randomized to receive an internet-based physical activity intervention would show greater improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness 12 months after baseline compared with students from control schools.

Association of Preterm Birth With Long-term Risk of Heart Failure Into Adulthood

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):689-697. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0131

This population-based cohort study in Sweden aims to determine whether preterm birth is associated with increased risk of heart failure from childhood into mid-adulthood per national registry data collected from 1973 to 2015.

Association of Epidural Labor Analgesia With Offspring Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):698-705. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0376

This population-based cohort study examines the association between epidural labor analgesia and offspring risk of autism spectrum disorder, adjusting for a large set of potential confounders, in the Canadian province of Manitoba.

Infant Mortality Associated With Prenatal Opioid Exposure

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):706-714. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.6364

This cohort study compares mortality between infants with prenatal opioid exposure who are diagnosed with vs without neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome.

Adolescents’ Substance Use and Physical Activity Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):715-722. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0541

This cohort study examines change in adolescents’ use of e-cigarettes, cannabis, and alcohol and in physical activity behaviors following the stay-at-home COVID-19 order in California.

Association of Oral Corticosteroid Bursts With Severe Adverse Events in Children

Abstract Full Text
open access has active quiz
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):723-729. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0433

This study examines the associations of corticosteroid bursts with severe adverse events, including gastrointestinal bleeding, sepsis, pneumonia, and glaucoma, in children.

Prevalence, Comorbidity, and Continuity of Psychiatric Disorders in a 15-Year Longitudinal Study of Youths Involved in the Juvenile Justice System

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):e205807. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5807

This cohort study examines the prevalence, comorbidity, and continuity of psychiatric disorders among youths detained in a juvenile justice facility during the 15 years after detention, with a focus on sex and racial/ethnic differences.

Association of Rotavirus Vaccines With Reduction in Rotavirus Gastroenteritis in Children Younger Than 5 Years: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials and Observational Studies

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):e210347. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0347

This meta-analysis synthesizes randomized clinical trials and observational studies to evaluate the comparative benefit, risk, and immunogenicity of different rotavirus vaccines.

Editor's Note

More on Epidurals and Autism

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):705. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0385
Review

Development of an Eco-Biodevelopmental Model of Emergent Literacy Before Kindergarten: A Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):730-741. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.6709

This narrative review summarizes current evidence on emergent literacy between infancy and age 5 years, with a focus on neuroimaging data and home literacy environment, to inform an eco-biodevelopmental model of literacy development in preschool-aged children.

JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

Transgender and Gender-Diverse Youth

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):756. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.1014

This Patient Page describes common gender identity–related terms and how parents can support transgender or gender-diverse children.

Research Letter

Association of Preconception Paternal Alcohol Consumption With Increased Fetal Birth Defect Risk

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):742-743. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0291

This cohort study investigates the association of paternal drinking before pregnancy with risk of fetal birth defect.

Asthma Risk Among Individuals With Androgen Receptor Deficiency

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):743-745. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0281

This study investigates whether androgen receptor deficiency is associated with increased asthma risk.

Estimates and Projections of COVID-19 and Parental Death in the US

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):745-746. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0161

This study estimates the expected number of affected children for each COVID-19 death.

Racial and Ethnic Differences in Marijuana Use in e-Cigarettes Among US Youth in 2017, 2018, and 2020

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):746-748. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0305

This study reports the prevalence of ever use of marijuana in e-cigarettes among US youth in 2020 and changes in prevalence from 2017 to 2020 by racial and ethnic groups.

Comment & Response

Cannabis Use and Suicidal Behavior and Long-term Harms

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):675-677. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0409

Consideration of Sex Differences in Children With Obesity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):748. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0250

Consideration of Sex Differences in Children With Obesity—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):748-749. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0253

Potential Value of Maternal Oxygen Supplementation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):749-750. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0364

Potential Value of Maternal Oxygen Supplementation—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):750. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0370

Cannabis Use and Suicidal Behavior and Long-term Harms—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):751. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0412
Correction

Error in Results

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):751. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.1622

Errors in the Abstract, Key Points, and Text

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):751. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.1760
JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(7):663. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4180
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