Low resting heart rate (RHR) has for some time been suspected to be a risk factor for crime and violence. One prior meta-analysis of 40 studies with a combined sample of 5868 individuals documented an association between low RHR and high antisocial and aggressive behavior in child and adolescent samples.1 But questions remain. Is low RHR also a robust risk factor for adult violence? Does it prospectively predict violence? And what about less serious offenses such as traffic violations?
Raine A. Low Resting Heart Rate as an Unequivocal Risk Factor for Both the Perpetration of and Exposure to Violence. JAMA Psychiatry. 2015;72(10):962–964. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2015.1364
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