As the longest wars in US history draw to a close, treating the psychosocial sequelae of military trauma has become an important public health challenge. In contrast to previous wars, mental health care is for the first time leveraging science to treat deployment-related conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Evidence-based practice has become a driving principle behind the treatment of military-related PTSD and is considered a necessary safeguard against the use of unproven and ineffective interventions. However, a truly evidence-based approach to treating military-related PTSD differs from what it has come to mean in the recent clinical and research literature.
Maria M. Steenkamp. True Evidence-Based Care for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military Personnel and Veterans. JAMA Psychiatry. 2016;73(5):431–432. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2015.2879