Antisocial behavior problems in early childhood forecast myriad adverse long-term sequelae such as increased risk for mental disorders (including antisocial personality disorder), substance abuse, poor academic and vocational outcomes, and involvement with the criminal justice system.1 Conduct disorders in childhood impose a profound personal and economic burden on individuals, families, and the educational, social service, health, and criminal justice systems.2 There is a clear impetus for effective prevention and early intervention of these problems, especially given evidence that intervening in early childhood may be more cost-effective and has greater success rates compared with intervention in adolescence.3
Yap MBH. Empowering Multiply Disadvantaged Parents: A Step Toward Breaking the Intergenerational Perpetuation of Health Inequalities. JAMA Psychiatry. 2019;76(3):233–234. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.3972
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