There is growing evidence that income inequality is associated with mental health outcomes in high-income societies.1 Greater income inequality is significantly correlated with higher prevalence of mental illness2; for example, there was a greater risk of clinical depression in populations with higher vs lower income inequality (pooled risk ratio, 1.19 [95% CI, 1.07-1.31]) in high-income countries.1 Income inequality may cause so-called status anxiety, and a low self-perception of one’s own social status was associated with health-associated problems, including increased mortality.3
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Heinz A, Zhao X, Liu S. Implications of the Association of Social Exclusion With Mental Health. JAMA Psychiatry. Published online October 09, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.3009
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