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Research Letter
February 12, 2020

Association of High Traditional Masculinity and Risk of Suicide Death: Secondary Analysis of the Add Health Study

Author Affiliations
  • 1Graduate School of Social Service, Fordham University, New York, New York
  • 2Department of Sociology, Nassau Community College, Jamaica, New York
  • 3Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York
JAMA Psychiatry. 2020;77(4):435-437. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.4702

In the United States, men die by suicide at 3.5 times the rate of women.1 One driver of this gender disparity may be high traditional masculinity (HTM), a set of norms that includes competitiveness, emotional restriction, and aggression.2 Quantitative studies of HTM are interrelated with discourse on hegemonic masculinity.3 Using norm- and trait-based measures, HTM men were found to have higher suicidal ideation (SI),2,4 but to our knowledge, the association with suicide death has not been tested with a credible measure of HTM.

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