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June 2, 2021

Transforming Mental Health Care Delivery Through Implementation Science and Behavioral Economics

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
  • 2Penn Implementation Science Center at the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics (PISCE@LDI), University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
  • 3University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia
JAMA Psychiatry. 2021;78(9):941-942. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2021.1120

Psychiatric disorders account for more years lived with disability globally than any other disease category. Currently, effective mental health treatments are variably deployed in community practice and patient outcomes in real life are less robust than they are in clinical trials. A major frontier in psychiatry is the development of strategies that increase the use of evidence-based assessment, prevention, and intervention approaches, galvanizing the new field of implementation science. In this Viewpoint, we argue that we must bring concepts from behavioral economics (BE) to implementation science to accelerate the reach and impact of psychiatric treatments.

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