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September 1959

Efficacy of Placement of Neuropsychiatric Patients in Family Care

Author Affiliations

Palo Alto, Calif.
From the Psychology Research Laboratory of the Veterans Administration Hospital, Palo Alto, Calif. This study was carried on in association with the Veterans Administration Psychiatric Evaluation Project, Richard L. Jenkins, M.D., Director.
Mrs. Berkman’s present address is National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md.

AMA Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1959;1(3):273-274. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1959.03590030057006

Extramural care of mental patients has found a steadily growing acceptance in the United States. Major discussions of the technique have been offered by Crutcher1 and by Pollock.5,6 Favorable mention of family care has been made by Maletz2 and Muncie,4 and perhaps its strongest endorsement has come from Rosanoff,7 who wrote: “There is no doubt that at least 25 per cent of the population of the average mental hospital can be maintained in extramural care with great advantage to all concerned.” In view of these positive statements, there is, as Stycos9 has noted, surprisingly little systematic knowledge about the processes involved in home care. A study by Molholm and Barton,3 which will be referred to, is a major exception.

The present report has as its purpose the evaluation of the efficacy of family care. Such efficacy has previously been demonstrated