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January 1960

Temporal Patterns of Cardiovascular Response

Author Affiliations
Pasadena, Calif.From the Institute for Psychosomatic and Psychiatric Research and Training, Michael Reese Hospital. This work was supported in part by the State of Illinois Mental Health Fund No. 1711, as part of a psychosomatic research program on the problem of anxiety. The group immediately involved in this study included Drs. Roy R. Grinker, Sheldon J. Korchin, Melvin Sabshin, Francis A. Board, Jack Towne, Donald Oken, and Helen Heath, to whom I am grateful for making my portion of this study possible. The material reported here was presented in partial fulfillment of the Ph.D. degree at the University of Chicago. I am grateful, too, to Dr. Korchin, sponsor, and Drs. Howard F. Hunt and John Butler, members of the committee.
AMA Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1960;2(1):12-21. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1960.03590070014003

A previous report2 dealt with the problem of describing pattern in repeated measurements and presented the results of a factor-analytic investigation of heart-rate patterns in a group of anxious patients. The present study extends this technique of factor analysis of a temporal pattern of cardiovascular response to include patterns of systolic and diastolic blood pressure, as well as heart rate in a second group of subjects.

As in the previous report, this research was part of a larger study on the effects of experimentally produced anxiety conducted at the Institute for Psychosomatic and Psychiatric Research and Training of Michael Reese Hospital. The rationale and methods of these studies were described in an early paper3; a number of additional reports have since appeared.

Subjects and Procedure

The subjects were 10 adult male psychiatric patients. Most of the group had recently been admitted to a nearby state